Sökning: "breath-holding"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 8 avhandlingar innehållade ordet breath-holding.

  1. 1. Cardiovascular and respiratory effects of apnea in humans

    Författare :Johan Andersson; Funktionell zoologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; lung volume; breath-hold diving; Apnea; breath-holding; face immersion; cold stimulation; diving response; diving reflex; circulation; bradycardia; vasoconstriction; arterial blood pressure; cardiac output; spleen; respiration; splenic contraction; alveol; Physiology; Fysiologi; Respiratory system; Andningsorganen; Animal physiology; Djurfysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with cardiovascular and respiratory effects of apneas in humans. During apnea (breath-holding), a number of interacting cardiovascular reflexes are initiated, and together these reflexes are called the “diving response”. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The human diving response : effects of temperature and training

    Författare :Erika Schagatay; Lunds universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Djurfysiologi; pig; human; training; breath-holding time; breaking point; cold-receptors; arterial blood; vasoconstriction; bradycardia; diving reflex; diving response; Breath-hold diving; Animal physiology; simulated diving; Organism biology; Organismbiologi; Sports; Idrott; Physiology; Fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim was to elucidate the cardiovascular response associated with breath-hold diving, especially the effects of temperature in its elicitation and the effects of different types of training on the human diving response (DR) and breath-holding time (BHT), and to evaluate the human DR in a mammalian perspective. A model for simulated diving by apnea and facial immersion in cold water was developed. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Severe hypoxemia during apnea in humans : Influence of cardiovascular responses

    Författare :Peter Lindholm; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Diving response; breath holding; bradycardia; vasoconstriction; hypoxia;

    Sammanfattning : When a diving human holds his or her breath, the heart beat slows and the blood vessels constrict in large portions of the body. In diving mammals such as seals, similar responses effectively conserve oxygen for the brain, enabling them to dive very deep and to stay underwater for a long time. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Capturing the breath of the heart by magnetic resonance imaging : five-dimensional cardio-respiratory resolved cine imaging during free breathing

    Författare :Karen Holst; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Cardiac imaging with cardiovascular magnetic resonance has the advantage of enabling dynamic visualizations, several quantifiable measures, and good soft-tissue contrast. However, a major drawback is the need for breath holding during many acquisitions to limit motion artifacts. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Infarct size and myocardial function : A methodological study

    Författare :Lene Rosendahl; Jan Engvall; Thor Edvardsen; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : The size of a myocardial infarction (MI) and the concurrent effect on left ventricular (LV) function are essential for decisions regarding patient care and treatment. Images produced with the late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) technique visualize the scar with high spatial resolution. LÄS MER