Sökning: "brain insulin"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 114 avhandlingar innehållade orden brain insulin.
1. Links between plasma apoE and glucose metabolism, brain insulin signaling, and synaptic integrity : Relevance to Alzheimer’s disease pathophysiology
Sammanfattning : Human apolipoprotein E (apoE) exists as three main isoforms called apoE2, apoE3, and apoE4, of which the E4 isoform is associated with increased Alzheimer’s disease (AD) risk. Brain glucose hypometabolism, linked to synaptic dysfunction, occurs years before symptom onset in AD, especially in APOEε4-carriers. LÄS MER
2. Regulation of insulin signaling and its developmental and functional roles on peptidergic neurons in the Drosophila central nervous system
Sammanfattning : In Drosophila, eight insulin-like peptides (DILP1-8) are produced and secreted in different locations. They regulate many aspects of development and physiology, such as organism growth, metabolic homeostasis, reproduction, stress resistance and life span. LÄS MER
3. Morphological and functional effects of insulin signaling and the bHLH transcription factor Dimmed on different neuron types in Drosophila
Sammanfattning : In Drosophila, the insulin signaling pathway is at the interface between dietary conditions and control of growth and development, reproduction, stress responses and life span. Eight insulin like peptides (Dilp1-8), an insulin tyrosine kinase receptor (dInR) and its downstream components, as well as a relaxin-like receptor type (Lgr3) form the core of this signaling. LÄS MER
4. Ischemic and Hypoglycemic Brain Damage, Involvement of the Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore
Sammanfattning : Brain damage from ischemia-reperfusion and hypoglycemia are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic strategies include hypothermia, glutamate-receptor blockade, immunosuppression and lately treatment aiming at preserving mitochondrial integrity and function. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most common inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult mammalian brain, where it mediates several biological functions. Rapid inhibition is predominantly mediated by the activation of GABA-A receptors that are ubiquitously expressed across the central nervous system in a cell-, circuit-, or region-specific manner. LÄS MER