Sökning: "bone mineral content"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 38 avhandlingar innehållade orden bone mineral content.

  1. 1. Bone and Aluminium

    Författare :Hans-Olov Hellström; Karl Michaëlsson; Hans Mallmin; Olle Svensson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Surgery; Aluminium; Osteoporosis; Hip fracture; Osteoporotic fracture; Alzheimer´s dementia; Bone mineral density; Bone mineral content; Mortality risk; Biomechanics; Inductively coupled mass spectrometry; Kirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Osteoporosis is a major health care problem, by reason of its devastating consequences, in particular hip fractures. Worldwide it has been estimated that the incidence of hip fracture will increase to more than 6 million per year by 2050 compared to 1.7 million per year in 1990. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Risk factors for bone fragility and fracture in postmenopausal women

    Författare :Ola Svejme; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Bone Fragility; Fracture; Osteoporosis; Bone Mineral Density BMD ; Menopause; Physical activity; Bone Strength; Bone Size; Bone Densitometry;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to evaluate risk factors for bone fragility and fractures in postmenopausal women in a long-term perspective. The study period spanned from the age of 48 to age 82 and is thus unique in its length. The studied sample was homogeneous and consisted of 390 north European women from a population-based cohort. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the postmenopausal period

    Författare :Henrik Ahlborg; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; orthopaedics; Surgery; hormone replacement therapy.; physical activity; bone strength; bone size; bone loss; longitudinal; Menopause; bone mineral density; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to evaluate long-term changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the forearm in the peri- and postmenopausal period. 156 premenopausal women, at baseline aged 48 years, not taking medications and without disease processes known to interfere with bone metabolism, were followed through menopause by measurements of bone mass and skeletal structure at the cortical site of the distal radius by single photon absorptiometry, on average every second year until age 72. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Peak Bone Mass, Lifestyle Factors and Birth Weight: A study of 25-year old women

    Författare :Mattias Callréus; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Peak bone mass; normative values; birth weight; physical activity; smoking; bone mineral density; bone mineral content; dual energy X-ray absorptiometry;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Osteoporosis is a common bone disease, which does not give symptoms until the ultimate outcome, the fragility fracture occurs. Regulation of bone mass is controlled by genetic, environmental and nutritional influences. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Organochlorines and bone : Effects of organochlorines on bone tissue morphology, composition and strength

    Författare :Monica Lind; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Developmental biology; Utvecklingsbiologi; Developmental biology; Utvecklingsbiologi; Ecotoxicology; Ekotoxikologi;

    Sammanfattning : From results presented during the last decade, it is obvious that the skeleton is a targetorgan for a number of persistent organochlorines. So far, however, little attention hasbeen paid to this subject. LÄS MER