Sökning: "bone formation"

Visar resultat 16 - 20 av 283 avhandlingar innehållade orden bone formation.

  1. 16. Methods for evaluation of early bone healing at titanium implants

    Författare :Karin Hederstierna; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :TOF-SIMS; titanium; porosity; Magnesium; hydroxyapatite; implant surface; bone resorption; bone formation;

    Sammanfattning : Titanium has for a long time been the implant material of choice when in need for abilities as strength, biocompatibility and stability. Although numbers of studies have been made, little is known about the early events in implant healing. The primary aim in this thesis was to develop methods for evaluating bone healing around implants. LÄS MER

  2. 17. On enhancement of bone formation using local drug delivery systems

    Författare :Ali Alenezi; Ann Wennerberg; Malmö universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bone formation; local drug delivery systems;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Despite that many reports have confirmed the long-term clinical success rates associated with implant treatment, implant failure to achieve and maintain osseointegration still occurs in many cases. Local and sustained drug release at the bone-implant interface is one of the strategies that have been suggested to improve the osseointegration. LÄS MER

  3. 18. A prospective chohort study on bone formation and bone loss in ankylosing spondylitis

    Författare :Anna Deminger; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ankylosing spondylitis; bone mineral density; spinal new bone formation; longitudinal cohort study;

    Sammanfattning : Background and objectives: Patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have an increased risk of bone loss with development of osteoporosis and vertebral fractures (VFs) but also spinal new bone formation with growth of bony spurs (syndesmophytes) between the vertebrae. Measurements of spinal bone mineral density (BMD) by the routine method dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in anteroposterior (AP) projection can be difficult to interpret due to the spinal new bone formation. LÄS MER

  4. 19. Biomaterials for Promoting Self-Healing of Bone Tissue

    Författare :Sonya Piskounova; Jöns Hilborn; Tim Bowden; Simon Cool; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Osseointegration; implant coating; hyaluronan hydrogel; bone morphogenetic protein-2; hydroxyapatite; bone; delivery system; injectable; mixing; radioactive labeling; Kemi med inriktning mot polymerkemi; Chemistry with specialization in Polymer Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The present work addresses poor bone/implant integration and severe bone defects. In both conditions external stimuli is required for new bone to form. LÄS MER

  5. 20. Healing of endosseous implants with different surface characteristics in grafted and non-grafted bone : clinical and experimental studies

    Författare :Måns Jungner; Stefan Lundgren; Malou Hultcrantz; Carina Lundqvist; Peter Nilsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Dental implants; surface characteristics; bone graft; maxillary sinus; implant survival; oxidized surface; turned surface; sinus membrane elevation; bone formation; macrophages; osteocalcin; osteopontin; CD68; odontologi; Odontology;

    Sammanfattning : Aims: This study uses radiological and clinical evaluations of the healing of endosseous titanium implants presented with different surface characteristics in the clinical situation (paper I-III) and experimentally to describe the early bone healing in maxillary sinus membrane elevation with and without the use of grafting material (paper IV).Material and methods: In paper I, 136 patients were treated with 394 dental implants – 199 were oxidized titanium implants (Nobel Biocare TiUnite) and 195 were turned titanium surface implants (Nobel Biocare Mark III). LÄS MER