Sökning: "beta-lactamase"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 28 avhandlingar innehållade ordet beta-lactamase.

  1. 1. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae : aspects on detection, epidemiology and multi-drug resistance

    Författare :Maria Tärnberg; Lennart Nilsson; Hans-Jürg Monstein; Håkan Hanberger; Kristian Riesbeck; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : Beta-lactam antibiotics are the largest and most commonly used group of antimicrobial agents in Sweden as well as world-wide. They show very good tolerability and many of the drugs can be administrated orally. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae: Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Duration of Carriage

    Författare :Johan Tham; Enheten för infektionssjukdomar; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase; ESBL; risk factors; resistant bacteria; E. coli; Enterobacteriaceae; antibiotics; food;

    Sammanfattning : In human medicine, the most important family of bacteria is Enterobacteriaceae, which includes genera and species that cause well-defined diseases and also nosocomial infections. These bacteria can give rise to numerous infections such as septicaemia and urinary tract infections. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Beta-Lactamase in Haemophilus ducreyi: Purification, Characterization, and Mutagenesis

    Författare :Ratana Lawung; Tillämpad biokemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biokemi; Metabolism; Biochemistry; enzyme calorimeter; site-directed mutagenesis; ampicillin resistance plasmid; Haemophilus ducreyi; TEM-1 b-lactamase; metabolism; Proteins; enzymology; Proteiner; enzymologi; Microbiology; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Chancroid caused by Haemophilus ducreyi, has been described as a significantly predisposing factor of HIV heterosexual transmission in an endemic region of both diseases. Antibiotic resistances are extensively found in H. ducreyi and many of the resistances are due to the presence of resistance plasmids. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Experimental acute otitis media : aspects on treatment, protection and structural changes

    Författare :Eva Westman; Ann Hermansson; Sten Hellström; Åsa Melhus; Bengt Carlsöö; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Otorhinolaryngology; acute otitis media; penicillins; rat; treatment; protection; beta-lactamase; Moraxella catarrhalis; Haemophilus influenzae; Otorhinolaryngologi; Otorhinolaryngology; Otorhinolaryngologi; Oto-Rhino-Laryngology; oto-rhino-laryngologi;

    Sammanfattning : Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common disease in childhood and is one of the most common causes for outpatient antibiotic treatment. The major aetiological agents of AOM have varied over the decades. Now the three most common pathogens are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Bacteriological aspects of treatment failures in streptococcal tonsillitis

    Författare :Eva Grahn; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ß-streptococci; treatment failure; a-streptococci; bacterial interference; beta-lactamase; Phenoxymethylpenicillin; penicillin tolerance;

    Sammanfattning : ß-hemolytic streptococci persist in 10-25% of patients with acute streptococal tonsillitis (about 10.000-25.000 per year in Sweden) in spite of treatment with a recommended dosage and schedule of Phenoxymethylpenicillin. LÄS MER