Sökning: "beta-blocker"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 22 avhandlingar innehållade ordet beta-blocker.

  1. 1. The Association Between Beta-Blocker Therapy and Mortality in Hip Fracture Patients

    Författare :Ahmad Mohammad Ismail; Shahin Mohseni; Rebecka Ahl; Per Wretenberg; Tomas Borg; Björn Rosengren; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Trauma; Hip Fracture; Beta-Blocker; Hyperadrenergic State; Stress; Mortality;

    Sammanfattning : Hip fractures have been a major concern within the healthcare systems for many years. National efforts have been done to improve the overall outcomes during the last decades. Despite this, the mortality rates one year after hip fracture surgery are as high as 27% and have remained high the past 15 years. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Stress susceptibility, beta-blocker use and cancer survival

    Författare :Ruzan Udumyan; Katja Fall; Scott Montgomery; Fang Fang; Edoardo Botteri; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Stress resilience; β-blockers; primary cancer; survival analysis; overall mortality; cancer-specific mortality; register-based cohort study;

    Sammanfattning : Accumulating evidence suggests that chronic stress may influence tumour biology through activation of neuroendocrine pathways and thus impair survival. However, measuring stressful exposures and their influence on health is challenging, partly due to substantial inter-individual variation in stress susceptibility. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Factors influencing outcome in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - Effects of pharmacotherapy, pacing and surgical myectomy

    Författare :Davood Javidgonbadi; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy; myectomy; pacing; beta-blocker; survival; sex; re-intervention rate;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Most studies on risk factors for disease-related mortality in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have emanated from specialized tertiary centres which are subject to possible referral bias. About one quarter of HCM-patients have outflow obstruction in the left ventricle, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mortality in Oxygen-Dependent Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Possibilities for Pharmacological Interventions

    Författare :Magnus Ekström; allergologi och palliativ medicin Lungmedicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; COPD; mortality; survival; comorbidity; cardiovascular disease; cardiovascular drugs; angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; angiotensin receptor blocker; beta blocker; statin; aspirin; antiplatelet drug; gender; sex; oxygen-dependent; LTOT; trends; excess mortality; SMR; hypoxemia; hypoxia; hypoxaemic;

    Sammanfattning : Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major and rising cause of mortality worldwide, especially in women. Patients with chronic hypoxia owing to COPD are treated with long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) but have high morbidity and mortality. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Psychotropic Pharmaceuticals in Aquatic Systems: An Ecological Perspective

    Författare :Melanie Hedgespeth; Enhet akvatisk ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ecotoxicology; aquatic; trophic level; pharmaceutical; SSRI; beta-blocker; sertraline; fluoxetine; propranolol; fish; daphnia; snail; predator; prey; behavior; life history; multiple stressor;

    Sammanfattning : Psychotropic pharmaceuticals have been shown to exert a variety of sublethal effects on non-target organisms, even at low concentrations found in the environment (ng/L to µg/L); hence, the aim of my research has been to determine the individual-level effects of psychotropic pharmaceuticals (the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors sertraline and fluoxetine, and the β-blocker propranolol) on behavioral and life history traits in freshwater organisms. Further, this research was directed towards assessing the potential large-scale impacts of these effects on population growth and predator-prey interactions (with community-level implications) via the application of traditional, ecological concepts and models. LÄS MER