Sökning: "bacteria and infants"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 40 avhandlingar innehållade orden bacteria and infants.

  1. 1. Regulation of innate and acquired immunity in infants by commensal bacteria

    Författare :Helen Karlsson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intestinal microflora; commensal; antigen-presenting cells; dendritic cells; CD25 regulatory T cells; allergy; infants; Staphylococcus aureus;

    Sammanfattning : The incidence of atopic diseases in children is steadily increasing in the industrialised world along with an improved hygienic lifestyle. The gastrointestinal flora may be of specific importance for the proper maturation of the immune system and for the induction of tolerance, in which CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a crucial role. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Gut Bacterial Flora - Focus on Early Life and Physiological Traits

    Författare :Caroline Linninge; [2011]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; gut microbiota; atopic eczema; inflammation; bacterial diversity; Escherichia coli; Lactobacillus plantarum; molecular-genetic methods;

    Sammanfattning : The gastrointestinal tract of the foetus is considered sterile but during vaginal birth the neonate comes into contact with bacteria from the maternal vaginal and intestinal microbiota. The main focus of this doctoral thesis was to elucidate the initial bacterial ecosystem in newborns and to relate microbial perturbations to physiological traits. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Infectious and inflammatory mechanisms in preterm birth and cerebral palsy

    Författare :Bo Jacobsson; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; preterm birth; preterm labor; preterm prelabor rupture of membranes; intra-uterine infection; intra-amniotic inflammation; interleukin-6; interleukin-8; interleukin-18; monocyte chemotactic protein-1; cerebral palsy; antenatal risk factors; chorioamnionitis.;

    Sammanfattning : Background: International studies of women in preterm labor (PTL) and preterm pre-labor rupture of the membranes (pPROM) have shown a significant association between microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC), some cytokines and chemokines and preterm birth (PTB). These studies have been performed in countries with higher incidence of PTB than that in Sweden. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Staphylococcus aureus in the infantile bowel flora

    Författare :Erika Lindberg; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Staphylococcus aureus; intestinal; microflora; superantigen; RAPD; bacteria; infants;

    Sammanfattning : The increasingly hygienic life-style in Western societies may not only have reduced infections, but may also have altered the composition of the commensal microflora, which may, in turn, have predisposed to e.g. allergy development. Here we investigated the first year s intestinal colonization pattern of a Swedish birth-cohort. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Modeling of Antibiotics and Bacterial Drug Resistance

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Ami Fazlin Syed Mohamed; Uppsala universitet.; [2013]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmacometrics; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics; modeling; antibiotics; resistance; combination; Gram-negative bacteria; gentamicin; colistin; meropenem; newborn infants; critically ill patients; Infectious Diseases; Infektionssjukdomar; Pharmaceutical Science; Farmaceutisk vetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Exposure to antibiotics is an important factor influencing the development of bacterial resistance.  In an era where very few new antibiotics are being developed, a strategy for the development of optimal dosing regimen and combination treatment that reduces the rate of resistance development and overcome existing resistance is of utmost importance. LÄS MER