Sökning: "artros"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 38 avhandlingar innehållade ordet artros.

  1. 1. Meniscal Tear - A Feature of Osteoarthritis

    Detta är en avhandling från Martin Englund, MD, Department of Orthopedics, Lund University Hospital, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden

    Författare :Martin Englund; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatologi; ortopedi; Kirurgi; traumatology; orthopaedics; Surgery; symptoms; risk factors; radiography; osteoarthritis; meniscectomy; Epidemiology; knee injury;

    Sammanfattning : Meniscectomy is recognized as an important risk factor for the development of knee osteoarthritis (OA), a disease that traditionally has been considered as a simple "wear and tear" phenomenon. However, despite numerous reports, little evidence has been presented that a limited meniscal resection, compared with a more extensive resection, reduces the risk of OA by preserving meniscal function. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Exercise and Functional Performance in Middle-aged Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

    Detta är en avhandling från The Department of Rheumatology and the Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

    Författare :Carina Thorstensson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Knee osteoarthritis; Exercise; Functional performance; reumatologi; rheumatology locomotion; Skelett; muskelsystem; muscle system; Skeleton; Physical medicine; Rehabilitering medicinsk och social ; rehabilitation; revalidation; kinesitherapy;

    Sammanfattning : Popular Abstract in Swedish Artros i knäleden är en av de tio vanligaste orsakerna till smärta och funktionshinder hos vuxna. Ett av problemen med artros är att det är svårt att diagnosticera vid ett tidigt stadium. Det kan synas som förändringar på röntgen, men ofta inte förrän flera år efter att det utvecklats. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Prevalence and Inheritance of Hip Osteoarthritis in Iceland

    Detta är en avhandling från Thorvaldur Ingvarsson FSA Central Hospital, 600 Akureyri Iceland

    Författare :Thorvaldur Ingvarsson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2000]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; gene; inheritance; age standardiation; prevalence; THR; Hip; OA; traumatologi; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatology; orthopaedics;

    Sammanfattning : Hereditary factors are suggested to contribute to osteoarthritis (OA), but their relative importance is uncertain. Moreover, the underlying specific variations at the genome level remain unknown. The prevalence of hip OA in Iceland was assessed by examining colon radiographs and was found to be at least 5-fold higher compared to Sweden and Denmark. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Exercise in Youth and Long-Term Effects on Bone and Joints

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Författare :Magnus Tveit; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2013]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; arthroplasty; BMD; bone mass; bone geometry; bone size; exercise; former athletes; fracture; fragility fracture; knee injury; osteoarthritis; osteoporosis; hip injury; runners; soccer; total joint replacement;

    Sammanfattning : Partly due to an ageing population, the number of osteoporosis-related fractures and osteoarthritis (OA)-related hip and knee arthroplasty procedures is increasing. The individual suffering and the burden on society for these conditions is immense. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Three-dimensional T1 quantification techniques for assessment of cartilage quality using dGEMRIC

    Detta är en avhandling från Medical Radiation Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Carl Siversson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2011]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; B1; T1; MRI; 3D; correction; dGEMRIC; cartilage; Look-Locker; Variable Flip Angle;

    Sammanfattning : Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic disease and one of the major global causes for functional disabilities. The disease is characterized by loss and degradation of cartilage, commonly affecting the knees and hips. LÄS MER