Sökning: "arterial input function"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 12 avhandlingar innehållade orden arterial input function.

  1. 1. Quantification and Visualization of Cardiovascular Function using Ultrasound

    Författare :Matilda Larsson; Lars-Åke Brodin; Hans Torp; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Ultrasound; Tissue Doppler imaging; Speckle tracking imaging; cardiovascular function; visualization; quantification; Medical engineering; Medicinsk teknik;

    Sammanfattning : There is a large need for accurate methods detecting cardiovascular diseases, since they are one of the leading causes of mortality in the world, accounting for 29.3% of all deaths. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Contributions to quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI

    Författare :Anders Garpebring; Mikael Karlsson; Ronnie Wirestam; Nils Östlund; Jón Hauksson; Steven Sourbron; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI; quantitative imaging; parameter estimation; uncertainty estimation; arterial input function; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) has the potential to produce images of physiological quantities such as blood flow, blood vessel volume fraction, and blood vessel permeability. Such information is highly valuable, e.g., in oncology. LÄS MER

  3. 3. New ultrasonographic approaches to monitoring cardiac and vascular function

    Författare :Anna Bjällmark; Lars-Åke Brodin; Kjell Karp; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Medical technology; Medicinsk teknik;

    Sammanfattning : Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. To decrease mortality and morbidity in cardiovascular disease, the development of accurate, non-invasive methods for early diagnosis of atherosclerotic cardiac and vascular engagement is of considerable clinical interest. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Optimisation and Validation of Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast MRI Perfusion Measurements

    Författare :Linda Knutsson; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nukleärmedicin; radiobiologi; Nuclear medicine; radiobiology; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering; tomography; medical instrumentation; Clinical physics; cerebral blood volume; mean transit time; cerebral blood flow; perfusion; dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI arterial input function; Klinisk fysiologi; radiology;

    Sammanfattning : The studies presented in this thesis concern the optimisation and evaluation of the dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI) technique for the assessment of perfusion-related parameters of the brain, such as cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and mean transit time (MTT). Several methodological factors influence these measurements, for example, contrast-agent administration, arterial input function (AIF) registration, choice of deconvolution algorithm and the choice of pulse-sequence parameters. LÄS MER

  5. 5. WAVELET NOISE REDUCTION AND VASCULAR WATER TRANSPORT MODELLING : APPLICATIONS TO DIFFUSION AND PERFUSION MRI

    Författare :Adnan Bibic; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cerebral blood flow; perfusion; diffusion; arterial spin labelling; wavelets; filtering; denoising; blood-brain barrier; permeability; Fysicumarkivet A:2018:Bibic;

    Sammanfattning : Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a powerful medical imaging technique, used to detect and characterise a range of diseases and conditions. It is based on the use of a strong static magnetic field in combination with magnetic field gradients and pulsed radiofrequency electromagnetic fields to visualise various organs and structures in the body according to their morphology or function. LÄS MER