Sökning: "arbitrary optical gates"

Hittade 3 avhandlingar innehållade orden arbitrary optical gates.

  1. 1. Majorana Representation in Quantum Optics : SU(2) Interferometry and Uncertainty Relations

    Författare :Saroosh Shabbir; Gunnar Björk; Maria Chekhova; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Majorana representation; Quantum optics; interferometry; SU 2 group; angular momentum; arbitrary optical gates; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The algebra of SU(2) is ubiquitous in physics, applicable both to the atomic spin states and the polarisation states of light. The method developed by Majorana and Schwinger to represent pure, symmetric spin-states of arbitrary value as a product of spin-1/2 states is a powerful tool that allows for a great conceptual and practical simplification. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Coherent Processes in Rare-Earth-Ion-Doped Solids

    Författare :Andreas Walther; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum memories; laser stabilization; quantum computation; rare-earth-ion-doped crystals; spectral hole-burning; superradiance; entanglement; spectroscopy; slow light;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes a number of coherent processes, such as quantum information processing, superradiance and electromagnetically induced transparency, which have been experimentally implemented using rare-earth-ion-doped crystals. The rare-earths are a class of elements that have in common, an atomic structure that allows for very long lifetimes as well as coherence times, both on optical transitions and on spin transitions. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Towards single Ce ion detection in a bulk crystal for the development of a single-ion qubit readout scheme

    Författare :Ying Yan; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Fysicumarkivet A:2013:Yan; Ultra-violet laser spectroscopy; Single ion detection; Rare-earth-ion-doped crystals; Quantum computing; Laser stabilisation;

    Sammanfattning : The work presented in this thesis was concerned with investigating the relevant spectroscopic properties of Ce ions randomly doped in an Y2SiO5 crystal at low temperatures (around 4 K), in order to develop a technique and an experimental set-up to detect the fluorescence photons emitted by a single Ce ion. The aim of the work was to determine whether a single Ce ion (referred to as the readout ion) can be used as a local probe to sense the quantum state of a neighbouring single-ion qubit via a state-selective interaction between the readout and qubit ion. LÄS MER