Sökning: "arbets- och miljömedicin"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 127 avhandlingar innehållade orden arbets- och miljömedicin.

  1. 1. Exposure to particulate matter and the related health impacts in major Estonian cities

    Författare :Hans Orru; Bertil Forsberg; Eda Merisalu; Marko Kaasik; Per-Inge Grennfelt; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Particulate matter; traffic; health impact assessment; cardiopulmonary; Environmental medicine; Miljömedicin; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Particulate matter (PM) is one of the most studied and problematic pollutants due to its toxicity and relati­vely high concentrations. This thesis aims to clarify the main sources and exposures of PM in Tallinn and Tartu, study the associations with health effects, and estimate the extent of those effects with health impact assessment (HIA). LÄS MER

  2. 2. Social Determinants in Asthma : Population-based studies on asthma and respiratory symptoms in relation to occupation, occupational exposure and socioeconomic status

    Författare :Christian Schyllert; Anne Lindberg; Eva Rönmark; Martin Andersson; Magnus Ekström; Linnea Hedman; Ernst Omenaas; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Asthma; Signs and Symptoms; Respiratory; Social Determinants of Health; Socioeconomic Factors; Epidemiology; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Asthma is one of the most common chronic obstructive airway diseases among children and adults, with a prevalence between 6-11% in European countries. It is also the most common work-related occupational respiratory disease. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Chemical emissions from building structures : emission sources and their impact on indoor air

    Författare :Annika Glader; Ingrid Liljelind; Berndt Stenberg; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; indoor air quality; VOC; building structures; emissions; health effects; moisture damage; PCA; OPLS; inomhusluft; VOC; konstruktioner; emissioner; hälsoeffekter; byggnadsmaterial; fuktskada; PCA; OPLS; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Chemical compounds in indoor air can adversely affect our comfort and health. However, in most cases there is only a limited amount of information available that can be used to assess their health risk. Instead the precautionary principle is often applied, i.e. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Efficient strategies for collecting posture data using observation and direct measurement

    Författare :Per Liv; Svend Erik Mathiassen; Marina Heiden; Leif Nilsson; Ingvar Bergdahl; Stephen Bao; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Exposure assessment; arm elevation; exposure variability; variance components; random effects model; precision; bias; sample size; sample allocation; calibration; bootstrapping; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Relationships between occupational physical exposures and risks of contracting musculoskeletal disorders are still not well understood; exposure-response relationships are scarce in the musculoskeletal epidemiology literature, and many epidemiological studies, including intervention studies, fail to reach conclusive results. Insufficient exposure assessment has been pointed out as a possible explanation for this deficiency. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Entrepreneurs and Small-Scale Enterprises : Self Reported Health, Work Conditions, Work Environment Management and Occupational Health Services

    Författare :Kristina Gunnarsson; Malin Josephson; Eva Vingård; Ing-Marie Andersson; Gunnar Rosén; Stig Vinberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; small-scale enterprises; SSE; entrepreneur; self-rated health; systematic work environment management; work conditions; social life; Occupational Health Service; OHS; Occupational medicine; Yrkesmedicin; Arbets- och miljömedicin; Occupational and Environmental Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focused on factors contributing to improved work environment in small-scale enterprises and sustainable health for the entrepreneurs. In Study I, implementation of the provision of Systematic Work Environment Management (SWEM) with and without support was investigated. Two implementation methods were used, supervised and network method. LÄS MER