Sökning: "arbets- och miljömedicin"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 129 avhandlingar innehållade orden arbets- och miljömedicin.

  1. 1. Social determinants in asthma : population-based studies on asthma and respiratory symptoms in relation to occupation, occupational exposure and socioeconomic status

    Författare :Christian Schyllert; Anne Lindberg; Eva Rönmark; Martin Andersson; Magnus Ekström; Linnea Hedman; Ernst Omenaas; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Asthma; Signs and Symptoms; Respiratory; Social Determinants of Health; Socioeconomic Factors; Epidemiology; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Asthma is one of the most common chronic obstructive airway diseases among children and adults, with a prevalence between 6-11% in European countries. It is also the most common work-related occupational respiratory disease. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cold exposure and health : A study on neurological and vascular hand symptoms in northern Sweden

    Författare :Albin Stjernbrandt; Jens Wahlström; Ingrid Liljelind; Tohr Nilsson; Ellen Jørum; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cold climate; Sweden; Hand; Frostbite; Raynaud disease; Peripheral nerve injuries; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Living in a cold climate is associated with several adverse health effects. The main purpose of this thesis was to describe cold exposure characteristics in northern Sweden, and investigate the associations between such exposure and the reporting of neurological and vascular hand symptoms. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Asthma in school age : prevalence, incidence and remission in relation to environmental determinants

    Författare :Martin Andersson; Eva Rönmark; Bertil Forsberg; Per Nafstad; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; asthma; wheeze; environment; prevalence; incidence; remission; vehicle traffic; sensitization; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background In the past half-century, the prevalence of asthma among children and adolescents has risen and asthma has become an important public health challenge in Sweden as well as in many other countries, necessitating further studies on this complex disease and its risk factor pattern. The studies included in this thesis aimed to investigate the clinical expression of childhood asthma over time, to describe the determinants of new-onset and remission of asthma, and to evaluate possible environmental risk factors in northern Sweden. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Exposure to particulate matter and the related health impacts in major Estonian cities

    Författare :Hans Orru; Bertil Forsberg; Eda Merisalu; Marko Kaasik; Per-Inge Grennfelt; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Particulate matter; traffic; health impact assessment; cardiopulmonary; Environmental medicine; Miljömedicin; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Particulate matter (PM) is one of the most studied and problematic pollutants due to its toxicity and relati­vely high concentrations. This thesis aims to clarify the main sources and exposures of PM in Tallinn and Tartu, study the associations with health effects, and estimate the extent of those effects with health impact assessment (HIA). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Chemical emissions from building structures : emission sources and their impact on indoor air

    Författare :Annika Glader; Ingrid Liljelind; Berndt Stenberg; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; indoor air quality; VOC; building structures; emissions; health effects; moisture damage; PCA; OPLS; inomhusluft; VOC; konstruktioner; emissioner; hälsoeffekter; byggnadsmaterial; fuktskada; PCA; OPLS; Occupational and Environmental Medicine; arbets- och miljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Chemical compounds in indoor air can adversely affect our comfort and health. However, in most cases there is only a limited amount of information available that can be used to assess their health risk. Instead the precautionary principle is often applied, i.e. LÄS MER