Sökning: "antimicrobial potential"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 98 avhandlingar innehållade orden antimicrobial potential.

  1. 1. Lipid-based liquid crystals as drug delivery vehicles for antimicrobial peptides

    Författare :Lukas Boge; Martin Andersson; Lovisa Ringstad; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; infection; phase behavior; antimicrobial effect; Liquid crystals; hexosome; antimicrobial resistance; AMP; antimicrobial peptide; pulmonary delivery; topical delivery; glycerol monooleate; bacterial membrane; cubosome; liquid crystalline nanoparticles; membrane interaction; proteolysis;

    Sammanfattning : The development of antimicrobial resistance is a great challenge within health sectors worldwide. Thus, demand for new, efficient treatments is urgent in order to treat various bacterial infections. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are a group of antibiotics that have gained more and more attraction in the past decade. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Antimicrobial potential of Geobacillus sp. ZGt-1 isolated from Zara hot spring in Jordan : Piecing the puzzle of the antagonistic activity of a novel bacterial strain

    Författare :Rawana Alkhalili; Bioteknik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Thermophiles; Geobacillus; antimicrobial potential; antimicrobial peptides; bacteriocins; lanthipeptides; toxin-antitoxin; genome sequence;

    Sammanfattning : The problem of antibiotic resistance is rising continuously, creating a warning signal that calls for finding alternatives. Not only that, but there is also a rising demand for natural food preservatives. The pharmaceutical and food industry sectors are working on fulfilling these needs. This thesis is exploring possible solutions to these issues. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Vascular actions of antimicrobial peptides

    Författare :Cristina Ciornei; Sektion II; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Kardiovaskulära systemet; Cardiovascular system; vascular smooth muscle; sepsis; nitric oxide; human antimicrobial peptide LL-37; Antimicrobial peptides; lipopolysaccharide; bactericidal permeability-increasing protein;

    Sammanfattning : The present thesis focuses on the vascular effects of antimicrobial peptides especially mechanisms involving the vasodilator nitric oxide (NO), which is released from the blood vessel wall during inflammatory conditions such as sepsis. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide stimulates the expression of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which increases the NO production in vascular tissues or cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). LÄS MER

  4. 4. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF HISTIDINE-RICH GLYCOPROTEIN AND CATIONIC PEPTIDES

    Författare :Victoria Rydengård; Lund Dermatologi och venereologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Dermatologi; venereologi; venereology; Dermatology; histidine-rich glycoprotein; heparin-binding; zinc; low pH; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Medicin människa och djur ; innate immunity; antimicrobial;

    Sammanfattning : In an environment full of potential pathogens it is of importance for organisms to mount a fast and effective defence. Antimicrobial peptides are ancient and integral effector molecules of the innate immune system. They are found in all kinds of species from bacteria to plants and animals, indicating their importance during evolution. LÄS MER

  5. 5. LL-37-derived cyclic antimicrobial drug leads : Design, synthesis, activity and different ways of creating them 

    Författare :Taj Muhammad; Ulf Göransson; Sunithi Gunasekera; Adam A. Strömstedt; Wang Guangshun; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :antimicrobial peptide; host defense; antimicrobial; LL-37; KR-12; peptide cyclisation; peptide dimerisation; croos-linking; cyanobactin-macrocyclase; PatGmac; butelase 1; enzymatic cyclisation; immobilisation; Farmakognosi; Pharmacognosy;

    Sammanfattning : In an era where last-line antibiotics are failing, one of the powerful approaches to develop novel therapeutic agents is to turn back to nature in order to identify possible drug candidates. Among the potential candidates, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have garnered much attention as an antimicrobial. LÄS MER