Sökning: "antennal"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade ordet antennal.

  1. 1. Neuromechanical basis of airflow-dependent antennal positioning in hawkmoths

    Författare :Dinesh Natesan; Örjan Ekeberg; Sanjay P. Sane; Volker Dürr; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; insect antennae; antennal positioning; antennal hair plates; Böhm’s bristles; Johnston’s organs; control theory; hierarchical neural circuits; tuneable feedback loop; flexible reflexes; Datalogi; Computer Science;

    Sammanfattning : Fast behaviors, seen in varied life forms, are often considered to be stereotypic and reflexive and the control neural circuits to be hard-wired. However, many such reflexes have been shown to respond in a context-dependent manner. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Chemical signalling in the Drosophila brain : GABA, short neuropeptide F and their receptors

    Författare :Lina E. Enell; Dick Nässel; Jonathan Bacon; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Insect nervous system; Drosophila; GABA; sNPF; GPCR; ion channel receptor; feeding; metabolic stress; olfaction; antennal; lobe; mushroom body; Morphology; Morfologi; Functional Zoomorphology; funktionell morfologi;

    Sammanfattning : Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and short neuropeptide F (sNPF) are widespread signalling molecules in the brain of insects. In order to understand more about the signalling and to some extent start to unravel the functional roles of these two substances, this study has examined the locations of the transmitters and their receptors in the brain of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster using immunocytochemistry in combination with Gal4/UAS technique. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neural Interfaces to the Odour World of Scarab Beetles

    Författare :Mattias Larsson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Djurekologi; Animal ecology; Intra; Antennal lobe; CNS; Attraction; Olfactometer; Behaviour; Mass spectrometry; Gas chromatography; Electrophysiology; Single sensillum; Receptor neuron; Plant volatile; Sex pheromone; Neuroethology; Odour detection; Olfaction; Coleoptera; Scarabaeidae; Entomology; plant parasitology; Entomologi; växtparasitologi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Sammanfattning : Antennal detection and central nervous integration of behaviourally relevant odours in scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) was investigated, using the two Japanese scarabs Anomala cuprea and Phyllopertha diversa (Rutelinae), and the Central African fruit chafer Pachnoda marginata (Cetoniinae) as model species. Electrophysiological single cell recordings in A. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Getting to know Trioza apicalis (Homoptera: Psylloidea) – a Specialist Host-Alternating Insect with a Tiny Olfactory System

    Författare :Lina Kristoffersen; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Physiology of invertebrates; Djurs anatomi och morfologi; Entomologi; plant parasitology; Entomology; Ekologi; Ecology; glomeruli; antennal lobe; olfactory receptor neurons electrophysiology; antennae; behaviour; olfaction; Sternorrhyncha; psyllid; Ryggradslösa djurs fysiologi; animal morphology; Animal anatomy; växtparasitologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis comprises ecological, morphological and physiological studies of the carrot psyllid Trioza apicalis (Homoptera: Psylloidea) with particular focus on olfaction. Data from inventories of winter habitats suggest that T. apicalis prefer Picea abies over Pinus sylvestris and Juniperus communis as winter hosts. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Olfaction in Desert Locusts- Anatomy, Function and Plasticity of the Central Olfactory System

    Författare :Rickard Ignell; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; hist; serotonin; immunocytochemistry; juvenile hormone; development; olfactometer; intracellular recording; evolution; projection neuron; receptor neuron; antennal lobe; aggregation pheromone; neuroethology; olfaction; Desert locust; Schistocerca gregaria; Ecology; Ekologi; Entomology; plant parasitology; Entomologi; växtparasitologi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Sammanfattning : The anatomy, function and plasticity of the primary olfactory centre, the antennal lobe (AL), of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria was investigated using a number of neuroanatomical and neurophysiological methods. Anatomical characterisation of the AL in a number of orthopteran species made it possible to deduce a model concerning the evolution of microglomeruli. LÄS MER