Sökning: "alcohol intake"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 137 avhandlingar innehållade orden alcohol intake.

  1. 1. Addressing Alcohol : Alcohol Prevention in Swedish Primary and Maternity Health Care and Occupational Health Services

    Författare :Marika Holmqvist; Per Nilsen; Preben Bendtsen; Fredrik Spak; Lars Weinehall; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : Alcohol consumption in Sweden has reached its highest levels of the past 100 years in the wake of the country’s entry into the European Union in 1995. Increased alcohol prevention efforts in Swedish health care settings have been given high priority by the authorities. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Taste Hedonics and the Intake of Alcohol and Food

    Författare :Anna Söderpalm; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Alcohol drinking; Adrenalectomy; Corticosterone; Cyanoketone; Food intake; Food restriction; GABA; Metyrapone; Taste reactivity; Benzodiazepine; Chlordiazepoxide; Cis Z -flupentixol; Diazepam; Flumazenil; Microinjections; Midazolam; Nucleus of the Solitary tract; Palatability; Parabrachial nucleus; Peduculopontine Tegmental Nucleus; Reward; 4th ventricle.;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis includes four papers based on animal experimental work. They analyze the way in which activation of a specific motivational state - hunger- modulates the rewarding actions of alcohol and taste palatability. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Serotonergic aspects on high consumption of alcohol in humans. Experimental and clinical studies

    Författare :Matts Eriksson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; alcohol; alcohol-dependence; serotonin; SSRI; MAO-B; DRD2 A1 A2 alleles; fenfluramine; mood;

    Sammanfattning : In animal studies an association between alcohol intake and central serotonergic function has been demonstrated. There are also evidence for altered serotonergic neurotransmission in subgroups of alcohol-dependent subjects. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Reward-related genes and alcohol dependence

    Författare :Sara Landgren; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; alcohol; dependence; reward; smoking; body weight; gene; polymorphism; nAChR; ghrelin; GHS-R1A;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: The rewarding properties of alcohol are mediated by the brain reward systems, specifically by the cholinergic-dopaminergic reward link, involving both nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) as well as the ghrelin signalling system. The susceptibility for developing alcohol dependence is influenced by genetic factors. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Adolescent behavior : Links to early-life stress and alcohol in male and female rats

    Författare :Stina Lundberg; Erika Roman; Ingrid Nylander; Heidi MB Lesscher; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adolescence; alcohol exposure; behavior; corticosterone; dynorphin; early life; endogenous opioid peptides; Met-enkephalin-Arg6Phe7 MEAP ; individual differences; multivariate concentric square field MCSF ; phenotyping; radioimmunoassay; selective breeding for alcohol consumption; voluntary alcohol intake; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Sammanfattning : Adolescence is an important developmental phase with large changes in behavior, physiology and neurobiology, which transform an individual from immature child to independent adult. Due to these changes, adolescence is a sensitive period for exposure to environmental factors such as stress and drug exposure; it is also a common age of onset for alcohol consumption as well as several psychiatric disorders. LÄS MER