Sökning: "agricultural tools"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 99 avhandlingar innehållade orden agricultural tools.

  1. 1. Function of MAP20 and MYB103 in cellulose and lignin formation of xylem secondary cell walls

    Författare :David Öhman; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : Lignocellulose from trees and other crops will have tremendous impact on the next generation of sustainable biofuels and biomaterials. To take advantage of modern breeding tools, it is therefore important to understand the genetic and molecular regulation underlying secondary cell wall formation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Discovery and investigation of glycoside hydrolase family 5 enzymes with potential use in biomass conversion

    Författare :Yang Wang; Henrik Aspeborg; Ines Ezcurra; Jerry Ståhlberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; plant cell wall; biomass; hemicellulose; mannans; glycoside hydrolase; subfamily classification; Arabidopsis; mannanase; transglycosylase; enzymatic characterization.; Biotechnology; Bioteknologi;

    Sammanfattning : Glycoside hydrolases (GHs) cleave glycosidic bonds in glycoconjugates, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides such as cellulose and various hemicelluloses. Mannan is a major group of hemicelluloses. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Genomic tools and molecular breeding approaches for the domestication of field cress (Lepidium campestre L.)

    Författare :Zeratsion Abera Desta; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; []
    Nyckelord :LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : Field cress (Lepidium campestre L.) is a biennial self-pollinated plant with a small genome size. The ever-increasing global population alongside climate change prompts urgent actions to save the ecosystem. LÄS MER

  4. 4. UDP-sugar metabolizing pyrophosphorylases in plants : formation of precursors for essential glycosylation-reactions

    Författare :Daniel Decker; Leszek A. Kleczkowski; Henrik Vibe Schelle; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Chemical library screening; Cell wall synthesis; Glycosylation; Nucleotide sugars; Oligomerization; Protein structure; Reverse chemical genetics; Sugar activation; UDP-sugar synthesis; biokemisk farmakologi; biochemical pharmacology; biokemi; Biochemistry; biology; biologi; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Sammanfattning : UDP-sugar metabolizing pyrophosphorylases provide the primary mechanism for de novo synthesis of UDP-sugars, which can then be used for myriads of glycosyltranferase reactions, producing cell wall carbohydrates, sucrose, glycoproteins and glycolipids, as well as many other glycosylated compounds. The pyrophosphorylases can be divided into three families: UDP-Glc pyrophosphorylase (UGPase), UDP-sugar pyrophosphorylase (USPase) and UDP-N-acety lglucosamine pyrophosphorylase (UAGPase), which can be discriminated both by differences in accepted substrate range and amino acid sequences. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The genetic basis for adaptation in natural populations

    Författare :Sangeet Lamichhaney; Leif Andersson; Carl-Johan Rubin; Alvaro Martinez Barrio; Henrik Kaessmann; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Adaptive evolution; Atlantic herring; ecological adaptation; seasonal reproduction; TSHR; Darwin’s finches; natural selection; beak; ALX1; HMGA2; ruff; lek; inversion; HSD17B2; MC1R;

    Sammanfattning : Many previous studies in evolutionary genetics have been based on few model organisms that can be reared at ease in the laboratory. In contrast, genetic studies of non-model, natural populations are desirable as they provide a wider range of adaptive phenotypes throughout evolutionary timescales and allow a more realistic understanding of how natural selection drives adaptive evolution. LÄS MER