Sökning: "acute myeloid leukemia"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 132 avhandlingar innehållade orden acute myeloid leukemia.

  1. 1. Population-based studies on acute leukemias - lessons from the Swedish Adult Acute Leukemia Registry

    Författare :Lovisa Vennström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Acute leukemia; population-based; incidence; survival; acute myeloid leukemia; acute lymphoblastic leukemia; acute promyelocytic leukemia; early death;

    Sammanfattning : Acute leukemia (AL) is a rare, potentially curable, aggressive neoplasm of hematopoietic origin. AL is a heterogeneous disease and is further subdivided according to clinical and biological features. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Optimizing Chemotherapy in Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia

    Författare :Josefine Palle; Gudmar Lönnerholm; Britt-Marie Frost; Rolf Larsson; Henrik Schröder; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; childhood; acute myeloid leukemia; drug resistance; pharmacokinetics; chromosomal abnormalities; Down syndrome; MLL-rearrangement; t 9; 11 ; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Despite major advances in our understanding of the biology of childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and the development of new cytotoxic drugs, the prognosis of long-term survival is still only 60-65 %.In the present research, we studied the pharmacokinetics of drugs used in the induction therapy of childhood AML and performed in vitro drug sensitivity testing of leukemic cells from children with AML. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Immunotherapy and immunosuppression in myeloid leukemia

    Författare :Alexander Hallner; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Natural killer cells; acute myeloid leukemia; histamine dihydrochloride; immunotherapy; reactive oxygen species; chronic myelomonocytic leukemia; NK cell education; NKG2A; HLA; KIR;

    Sammanfattning : Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) are potentially life-threatening blood cancers characterized by the expansion of malignant myeloid cells in bone marrow and other organs. This thesis aimed at contributing to the understanding of the role of natural killer (NK) cells in AML and CMML with focus on the potential impact of the immunosuppression exerted by reactive oxygen species (ROS) formed by the myeloid cell NOX2 enzyme. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Epidemiological studies in de novo and secondary acute leukemia

    Författare :Erik Hulegårdh; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Acute leukemia; ALL; AML; adult; Secondary acute leukemia; MDS; MPN;

    Sammanfattning : Abstract Background Acute leukemia (AL) is a rare blood cancer with poor prognosis in adult patients. Socioeconomic factors are known to impact cancer outcomes, but have not been adequately examined among adult AL patients. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Functional Screens Identify Vulnerabilities in Acute Leukemia

    Författare :Ramprasad Ramakrishnan; Avdelningen för klinisk genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute leukemia; CRISPR; CXCR4; CXCL12; TNFSF13; DUX4; Interleukin 4; leukemia stem cell; macrophage;

    Sammanfattning : Acute leukemia refers to a group of aggressive hematological malignancies of myeloid and lymphoid lineages termed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) respectively. Acute leukemia is characterized by the presence of underlying genetic aberrations which alter the biology of normal hematopoietic cells resulting in the accumulation of immature abnormally differentiated blast cells. LÄS MER