Sökning: "X-ray techniques"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 583 avhandlingar innehållade orden X-ray techniques.

  1. 1. Nanofabrication of Diffractive Soft X-ray Optics

    Författare :Magnus Lindblom; Hans M. Hertz; Erik H. Anderson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nanofabrication; Zone plate; x-ray; diffractive x-ray optics; x-ray microscopy; Optics; Optik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis summarizes the present status of the nanofabrication of diffractive optics, i.e. zone plates, and test objects for soft x-ray microscopy at KTH. The emphasis is on new and improved fabrication processes for nickel and germanium zone plates. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Laboratory soft x-ray microscopy and tomography

    Författare :Michael Bertilson; Hans Hertz; Gerd Schneider; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Microscopy; X-ray optics; Diffractive optics; Zone plates; X-ray microscopy; Soft X-ray physics; Tomography; Optics; Optik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Soft x-ray microscopy in the water-window (λ = 2.28 nm – 4.36 nm) is based on zone-plate optics and allows high-resolution imaging of, e.g. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Synchrotron-based characterization of mechanobiological effects on the nanoscale in musculoskeletal tissues

    Författare :Isabella Silva Barreto; Avdelningen för Biomedicinsk teknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; nanoscale; microscale; mechanical properties; synchrotron; x-ray imaging; collagen; hydroxyapatite; biomechanics; experimental mechanics; x-ray tomography; small-angle x-ray scattering SAXS ; wide-angle x-ray scattering WAXS ; x-ray fluorescence XRF ; small-angle x-ray scattering tensor tomography SASTT ; Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy FTIR ; polarized light microscopy PLM ; bone development; Achilles tendon; tendon healing;

    Sammanfattning : Collagen is the main organic building block of musculoskeletal tissues. Despite collagen being their smallest load bearing unit, these tissues differ significantly in mechanical function and properties. A major factor behind these differences is their hierarchical organization, from the collagen molecule up to the organ scale. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Passivity & Breakdown of Super Duplex Stainless Steel : Studied with Electrochemical & Synchrotron Techniques

    Författare :Marie Långberg; Jinshan Pan; David Lindell; Ulf Kivisäkk; Edvin Lundgren; Sannakaisa Virtanen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :Passive film; duplex stainless steel; synchrotron X-ray reflectivity; X-ray diffraction; X-ray fluorescence; hard X-ray Photoelectron emission microscopy; X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopy; Electrochemical impedance; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Super duplex stainless steel consists of two phases: austenite and ferrite, and is a highly corrosion resistant material, with a wide range of applications. The corrosion resistance of stainless steels is determined by the performance of a spontaneously formed thin Cr oxide rich film with a thickness of 1-3 nm. LÄS MER

  5. 5. X-ray and neutron μCT of biomedical samples: from image acquisition to quantification

    Författare :Niccoló Peruzzi; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; x-ray imaging; neutron imaging; μCT; synchrotron radiation; x-ray phase-contrast; nanoholotomography; x-ray elemental mapping; biomedical applications; virtual histology; biodegradable implants; Mg-alloys; enteric nervous system; peripheral neuropathy; gastroenteric dysmotility; Fysicumarkivet A:2021:Peruzzi;

    Sammanfattning : Even though the validity of x-ray computed tomography in the analysis of biomedical samples is nowadays undisputed, the more recent imaging techniques and more advanced instruments (such as synchrotrons) are still relatively unknown to many medical doctors that could benefit from them.The doctoral work presented in this thesis joins a collective effort from the imaging community to demonstrate potential applications of advanced x-ray and neutron imaging methods to preclinical medical research, with the hope of contributing to reach a “critical mass” in the medical community and in the public opinion as well. LÄS MER