Sökning: "X-ray free-electron lasers"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 30 avhandlingar innehållade orden X-ray free-electron lasers.

  1. 1. Coherent Diffractive Imaging with X-ray Lasers

    Författare :Max Felix Hantke; Filipe R. N. C. Maia; Janos Hajdu; Martin Svenda; Edgar Weckert; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; coherent diffractive X-ray imaging; lensless imaging; coherent X-ray diffractive imaging; flash diffractive imaging; single particle imaging; aerosol injection; electrospray injection; substrate-free sample delivery; carboxysome; phase retrieval; X-ray diffraction software; X-ray free-electron laser; XFEL; FEL; CXI; CDI; CXDI; FXI;

    Sammanfattning : The newly emerging technology of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs) has the potential to revolutionise molecular imaging. XFELs generate very intense X-ray pulses and predictions suggest that they may be used for structure determination to atomic resolution even for single molecules. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Zone Plates for Hard X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers

    Författare :Daniel Nilsson; Ulrich Vogt; Thomas Tschentscher; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; X-ray optics; Zone plates; XFEL; x-rays; free-electron laser; heat transfer;

    Sammanfattning : Hard x-ray free-electron lasers are novel sources of coherent x-rays with unprecedented brightness and very short pulses. The radiation from these sources enables a wide range of new experiments that were not possible with previous x-ray sources. Many of these experiments require the possibility to focus the intense x-ray beam onto small samples. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Statistical processing of Flash X-ray Imaging of protein complexes

    Författare :Alberto Pietrini; Carl Nettelblad; Johan Bielecki; Janos Hajdu; Flavio Capotondi; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; X-ray; XFEL; single particle; hit-finder; statistical hit-finder; single protein; protein complex; RNA polymerase II; FEL; free-electron laser; FXI; Flash X-ray Imaging; CXI; CSPAD; x-ray imaging; COACS; Physics with specialization in Biophysics; Fysik med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Flash X-ray Imaging (FXI) at X-ray Free Electron Lasers (XFELs) is a promising technique that permits the investigation of the 3D structure of molecules without the need for crystallization, by diffracting on single individual sample particles.In the past few years, some success has been achieved by using FXI on quite large biological complexes (40 nm-1 μm in diameter size). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Nanofabrication of Zone Plates for Hard X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers

    Författare :Fredrik Uhlén; Ulrich Vogt; Thomas Wilhein; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; X-ray optics; Zone plates; Nanofabrication; X-ray free-electron lasers; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This Thesis describes the development of hard X-ray zone plates intended for focusing radiation at X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs). XFELs provide unprecedented brightness and zone plates which are put in the intense X-ray beam are at risk of being damaged. LÄS MER

  5. 5. X-ray scattering and spectroscopy of supercooled water and ice

    Författare :Jonas A. Sellberg; Anders Nilsson; Lars G. M. Pettersson; Thomas Loerting; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supercooled water; ice; x-ray scattering; x-ray spectroscopy; free-electron laser; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents experimental studies of water and ice at near-atmospheric pressures using intense x-rays only accessible at synchrotrons and free-electron lasers. In particular, it focuses on the deeply supercooled, metastable state and its implications on ice nucleation. LÄS MER