Sökning: "X-ray crystallography"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 218 avhandlingar innehållade orden X-ray crystallography.

  1. 1. Generation and Applications of Short-Pulse X-ray Radiation

    Författare :Michael Harbst; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; egenskaper termiska och mekaniska ; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:struktur; crystallography; phase equilibria; Material science; Condensed matter:stucture; thermal and mechanical properties; time-resolved; X-ray diffraction; kristallografi; fasjämvikt; Material technology; Materiallära; materialteknik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis summarizes work using hard X-ray radiation on nanosecond and picosecond timescales. The focus is on the experimental part including detailed descriptions of setups for laser pumped - X-ray probe experiments. X-ray diffraction is sensitive to structural properties on the length scale of chemical bonds. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Simulations of Biomolecular Fragmentation and Diffraction with Ultrafast X-ray Lasers

    Författare :Christofer Östlin; Carl Caleman; Nicusor Timneanu; Helmut Grubmüller; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; X-ray free-electron laser; X-ray imaging; Single particle imaging; Computer simulation; Radiation damage; Molecular dynamics; Diffraction theory; Coulomb explosion; Sample heterogeneity; Diffractive noise; XFEL; SPI; Physics with specialization in Biophysics; Fysik med inriktning mot biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Studies of biomolecules have recently seen substantial developments. New X-ray lasers allow for high-resolution imaging of protein crystals too small for conventional X-ray crystallography. Even structures of single particles have been determined at lower resolutions with these new sources. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Packing effects in palladium(II) and platinum(II) compounds, X-ray crystallography

    Författare :Maria Johansson; Kemiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Inorganic chemistry; Platinum II ; Palladium II ; Half-normal probability plots; X-ray crystallography; Packing effects; Oorganisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on i) the effect of packing on the molecular geometry ii) packing arrangements of neutral Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes iii) the trans influence in Pt(II) complexes iv) the differences in bonding in corresponding Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes and v) the geometry of Pd(II) complexes with potential catalytic properties. Detailed three-dimensional structural information at the atomic level can be obtained from X-ray crystallography. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Regulation of glycerol efflux in adipocytes. Structural and functional studies of the glycerol channel aquaporin 7

    Författare :Sofia de Mare; Medicinsk strukturbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Glycerol : metabolism; Lipolysis; X-ray Crystallography; Perilipin 1; Aquaglyceroporin; Aquaporin 7; Adipocytes metabolism; Glycerol : metabolism; adipocyte metabolism; X-ray crystallography; Aquaglyceroporin; Aquaporin 7; Perilipin 1; Lipolysis;

    Sammanfattning : Glycerol levels in adipocytes depend on the lipolysis, the hydrolysis of triglycerides into glycerol and free fatty acids, and the efflux of glycerol across the plasma membrane through glycerol channels. The aims of this work were to investigate how glycerol levels are regulated on a molecular level by PLIN1, a major lipid droplet-associated protein and a key regulator of the lipolysis by scaffolding for lipolytic proteins on the lipid droplet. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers and Tetrabromobisphenol A : Chemical synthesis, X-ray crystallography and Photochemical degradation

    Författare :Johan Eriksson; Åke Bergman; Lars Eriksson; Mats Tysklind; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Sammanfattning : In the 1960s’ several manmade chemicals were detected in the environment, far from their sources. The most well known, and most likely those with the largest impact on the society, were DDT and its related compounds, and PCBs. These anthropogenic compounds were characterised as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). LÄS MER