Sökning: "X-Ray absorption spectroscopy"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 186 avhandlingar innehållade orden X-Ray absorption spectroscopy.

  1. 1. Photon Counting X-ray Detector Systems

    Författare :Börje Norlin; Christer Fröjdh; Hans-Erik Nilsson; Kenway Smith; Mittuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Monte Carlo simulation; Three-dimensional; Energy weighting; X-ray; Pixel detector; Charge sharing; Imaging; Medipix; Spectroscopy; Dental diagnosis; Image quality; Electronics; Elektronik;

    Sammanfattning : This licentiate thesis concerns the development and characterisation of X-ray imaging detector systems. “Colour” X-ray imaging opens up new perspectives within the fields of medical X-ray diagnosis and also in industrial X-ray quality control. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Characterisation and application of photon counting X-ray detector systems

    Författare :Börje Norlin; Christer Fröjdh; Hans-Erik Nilsson; Sherwood Parker; Mittuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Monte Carlo simulation; Three-dimensional; X-ray flouriscence; Charge transport; Semiconductor materials; Image sensors; CdTe; Photon counting; Synchrotron radiation; Material recognition; X-ray; Pixel Detector; Silicon; Charge sharing; Imaging; Medipix; Spectroscopy; Dental diagnosis; Image quality; Energy weighting; Electronics; Elektronik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis concerns the development and characterisation of X-ray imaging systems based on single photon processing. “Colour” X-ray imaging opens up new perspectives within the fields of medical X-ray diagnosis and also in industrial X-ray quality control. LÄS MER

  3. 3. X-ray scattering and spectroscopy of supercooled water and ice

    Författare :Jonas A. Sellberg; Anders Nilsson; Lars G. M. Pettersson; Thomas Loerting; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; supercooled water; ice; x-ray scattering; x-ray spectroscopy; free-electron laser; kemisk fysik; Chemical Physics;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents experimental studies of water and ice at near-atmospheric pressures using intense x-rays only accessible at synchrotrons and free-electron lasers. In particular, it focuses on the deeply supercooled, metastable state and its implications on ice nucleation. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Resonant Soft X-Ray Emission Spectroscopy of Vanadium Oxides and Related Compounds

    Författare :Thorsten Schmitt; Joseph Nordgren; Laurent Duda; Stefan Eisebitt; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Physics; vanadium oxides; Li-battery; cathode materials; copper oxides; soft X-ray absorption; soft X-ray emission; resonant inelastic X-ray scattering; cluster model calculations; Fysik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis addresses the electronic structure of vanadium and copper oxides using soft X-ray absorption (SXA) spectroscopy and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) at high brightness synchrotron radiation sources. In RIXS incident photons, tuned to the energy of specific absorption resonances, are inelastically scattered leaving behind a low energy valence excitation in the system studied. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Core Level Spectroscopy of Water and Ice

    Författare :Dennis Nordlund; Anders Nilsson; Martin Wolf; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; x-ray adsorption spectroscopy; photoemission spectroscopy; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; platinum; x-ray emission spectroscopy; density functional theory; hydrogen-bonded; H-bond; water; ice; electronic structure; excited state dynamics; proton dynamics; water adsorption; liquid water; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : A core level spectroscopy study of ice and water is presented in this thesis. Combining a number of experiments and spectrum calculations based on density functional theory, changes in the local valence electronic structure are shown to be sensitive to the local H-bonding configurations. LÄS MER