Sökning: "Very preterm birth"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 58 avhandlingar innehållade orden Very preterm birth.

  1. 1. Preterm birth and allergic disease

    Författare :Niki Mitselou; Jonas Ludvigsson; Erik Melén; Kari Christine Nadeau; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Allergen-specific immunotherapy; allergic rhinitis; caesarean delivery; epidemiology; preterm birth; sensitization; paediatrics; pregnancy;

    Sammanfattning : Allergic diseases are very common in children and young adults, while there is an ongoing interest worldwide in exploring the early origins of these conditions. The perinatal period is considered crucial as it encompasses the maturation of gut microbiota and the establishment of an efficient immunoregulation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Infectious and inflammatory mechanisms in preterm birth and cerebral palsy

    Författare :Bo Jacobsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; preterm birth; preterm labor; preterm prelabor rupture of membranes; intra-uterine infection; intra-amniotic inflammation; interleukin-6; interleukin-8; interleukin-18; monocyte chemotactic protein-1; cerebral palsy; antenatal risk factors; chorioamnionitis.;

    Sammanfattning : Background: International studies of women in preterm labor (PTL) and preterm pre-labor rupture of the membranes (pPROM) have shown a significant association between microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC), some cytokines and chemokines and preterm birth (PTB). These studies have been performed in countries with higher incidence of PTB than that in Sweden. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Very preterm birth and fetal growth restriction in adolescence - Cardiovascular and renal aspects

    Författare :Jonas Liefke; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Preterm and low birth weight; Fetal growth restriction; Magnetic resonance imaging MRI ; Cardiac function; Preterm birth; Adolescence; Kidney function; Kidney anatomy histology; Cardiovascular biomarkers; Arterial stiffness; Ambulatory blood pressure measurement; Biochemical makers;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis applied magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate to what extent very preterm birth due to early onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) impacts the cardiovascular system and kidneys in adolescence. The thesis further investigated whether FGR exacerbates the organ-specific effects of very preterm birth. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Auditory event-related potentials and cognitive outcome after very preterm birth

    Författare :Holger Hövel; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Preterm; Event-related potentials; Mismatch negativity; Magnetic resonance imaging; developmental outcome;

    Sammanfattning : Children born before 32 gestational weeks have a high incidence of neuropsychological deficits. The structural and functional correlates of such impairments in preterm infants are incompletely understood, and early diagnostic tools are needed, but still lacking. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Longitudinal studies of executive and cognitive development after preterm birth

    Författare :Aiko Lundequist; Ann-Charlotte Smedler; Birgitta Böhm; Gunilla Bohlin; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Preterm birth; low birth-weight; degree of prematurity; medical risks; general intelligence; executive functions; parental education; gender; development; Psychology; psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Stockholm Neonatal Project is a longitudinal population-based study of children born prematurely in 1988-93, with a very low birth weight (.... LÄS MER