Sökning: "Unobserved Heterogeneity"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 31 avhandlingar innehållade orden Unobserved Heterogeneity.

  1. 1. Equality of opportunity, heterogeneity and poverty

    Författare :William Nilsson; Karl-Gustaf Löfgren; Tomas Sjögren; Anders Björklund; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Economics; Equality of opportunity; Semiparametric; Poverty; Heterogeneity; State dependence; Twins; Unemployment; Divorce; Spousal response; Selection; Panel data; Nationalekonomi; Economics; Nationalekonomi; nationalekonomi; Economics;

    Sammanfattning : Paper [I] studies equality of opportunity in Sweden. The distinction between circumstances that constrain an individual’s opportunities and the individual choices also affecting a particular outcome is the main idea of theories of equality of opportunity. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Essays on Panel Data with Multidimensional Unobserved Heterogeneity

    Författare :Yana Petrova; Nationalekonomiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Econometrics; Factor-Augmented Panel Regression; Interactive Effects; Unknown Factors; CCE Estimation; Principal Components;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis contributes to econometric methodology in terms of estimation and inference in static panel data models with unobserved multidimensional heterogeneity. When not properly accounted for, unobserved heterogeneity may introduce bias into the parameter estimates associated with covariates of interest, such as treatment indicators or determinants of macroeconomic indicators. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Essays on Labor Supply and Poverty: A microeconometric application

    Författare :Nizamul Islam; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Labor Supply; State Dependence; Unobserved Heterogeneity; Poverty persistency;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis consists of four papers in applied micro econometrics. The first paper evaluates the discrete choice labor supply Model by Monte Carlo experiment. The 2nd paper investigates the relationships between participation decisions and both the fertility decision and women's non-labor income. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Discrimination, Sickness Absence, and Labor Market Policy

    Författare :Jonas Lagerström; Per-Anders Edin; Peter Fredriksson; Alan B. Krueger; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Economics; Discrimination; Unobserved heterogeneity; Absenteeism; Social experiment; Active labor market policy; Program evaluation; Nationalekonomi; nationalekonomi; Economics;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation consists of an introduction and four self-contained essays:Essay 1 (with Stefan Eriksson) investigates empirically whether being unemployed per se reduces the probability of getting contacted by a firm. Individuals registered at the Swedish employment offices post their qualifications in a database available to employers over the Internet. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Issues in Urban Travel Demand Modelling : ICT Implications and Trip timing choice

    Författare :Maria Börjesson; Staffan Algers; Kay Axhausen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Journey; Mathematical model; Origin traffic ; Time; Telecommuting; Journey time; Variability; Stated preference; Delay; Civil engineering and architecture; Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur; 11 Road: Personal transport; 11 Road: Personal transport; Travel Demand; ICT; Tele-substitution; Revealed Preference; Stated Preference; Mixed Logit; Unobserved Heterogeneity; Travel Time Uncertainty; Schedule Delay;

    Sammanfattning : Travel demand forecasting is essential for many decisions, such as infrastructure investments and policy measures. Traditionally travel demand modelling has considered trip frequency, mode, destination and route choice. This thesis considers two other choice dimensions, hypothesised to have implications for travel demand forecasting. LÄS MER