Sökning: "Transition metal"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 526 avhandlingar innehållade orden Transition metal.

  1. 1. Metal Affinity Peptides in Biotechnological Applications As tools in protein purification, protein stabilisation, metal quantification and metal tolerance of bacteria and plants

    Författare :Malin Mejàre; Tillämpad biokemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; cadmium; metal quantification; fusion tag; metal affinity tag; phage display; peptide library; metal tolerance; metal resistance; metal accumulation; bioremediation; transgenic plant; tobacco; potato; protein purification; immobilised metal affinity chromatography; metal affinity precipitation; metal detection; protein stabilisation; Bioteknik; Biotechnology; Biokemi; Metabolism; Biochemistry; metal ion;

    Sammanfattning : Metal affinity tags have been fused to proteins and demonstrated to function as tools in protein purification, protein stabilisation, quantitative metal analysis and metal tolerance of bacteria and plants. In biotechnological applications proteins frequently have to function in nonnatural environments with harsh conditions which impose requirements for high stability on the proteins. LÄS MER

  2. 2. New Reactions with Allyl- and Allenylboron Reagents : Transition-Metal-Catalyzed and Transition-Metal-Free Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation Processes

    Författare :Dong Wang; Kálmán J. Szabó; Jianbo Wang; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; carbon-carbon bond formation; cross-coupling; organoboron compound; allylboron reagent; allylation; transition metal; metal carbene; allenylboron reagent; transition metal free; diazo compound; tosylhydrazone; quinone; organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Organoboron compounds have been widely used in carbon-carbon bond formation reactions in organic synthesis and catalysis. This thesis is focused on cross-coupling reactions of allyl-, allenylboronic acids and their ester derivatives via transition metal catalysis or transition-metal-free processes. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Transition Metal Hydrides : Biomimetic Studies and Catalytic Applications

    Författare :Jesper Ekström; Hans Adolfsson; Jonathan Williams; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; transition metals; catalysis; bioinorganic chemistry; hydrides; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry; organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, studies of the nature of different transition metal-hydride complexes are described. The first part deals with the enantioswitchable behaviour of rhodium complexes derived from amino acids, applied in asymmetric transfer hydrogenation of ketones. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Transition Metal Nitrides : Alloy Design and Surface Transport Properties using Ab-initio and Classical Computational Methods

    Författare :Davide G. Sangiovanni; Valeriu Chirita; Lars Hultman; Paul Mayrhofer; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : Enhanced toughness in brittle ceramic materials, such as transition metal nitrides (TMN), is achieved by optimizing the occupancy of shear-sensitive metallic electronic-states. This is the major result of my theoretical research, aimed to solve an inherent long-standing problem for hard ceramic protective coatings: brittleness. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Atomistic simulation and experimental studies of transition metal systems involving carbon and nitrogen

    Författare :Jiaying Xie; Seshadri Seetharaman; Oleg Ostrovski; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Transition metal carbides; Transition metal nitrides; Transition metal carbo-nitrides; Lattice inversion method; Interatomic potential; Atomistic simulation; Metallurgical process engineering; Metallurgisk processteknik;

    Sammanfattning : The present work was initiated to investigate the stability, structural and thermodynamic properties of transition metal carbides, nitrides and carbo-nitrides by atomistic simulations and experimentations. The interatomic pair potentials of Cr-Cr, Mn-Mn, Fe-Fe, C-C, Cr-C, Mn-C, Fe-C, Cr-Fe, Cr-N and Mn-N were inverted by the lattice inversion method and ab initio cohesive energies, and then employed to investigate the properties of Cr-, Mn- and Fe-carbides by atomistic simulations in this work. LÄS MER