Sökning: "Therapy resistance"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 399 avhandlingar innehållade orden Therapy resistance.

  1. 1. Circumventing drug resistance : Studies exploring the expediency of a total cell kill chemoresistance assay

    Författare :Bertil Jonsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Medical sciences; drug resistance; drug resistance assay; clinical correlations; cancer; human; MEDICIN OCH VÅRD; MEDICINE; MEDICIN; klinisk farmakologi; Clinical Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : Cellular resistance to anti-cancer drugs is considered to be the major cause of treatment failure in clinical practice. The present studies have therefore focused on ways to circumvent resistance as evaluated by an in vitro chemoresistance assay. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Mechanisms of therapy resistance in acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    Författare :Kinjal Shah; Avdelningen för translationell cancerforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ALL; B-ALL; T-ALL; dexamethasone; FLT3; Signaling pathways; BCL2; resistance; PLK1; synergy;

    Sammanfattning : Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a highly aggressive pediatric cancer that can affect both B cells and T cells. The advent of new therapies has increased the cure rates for both B-ALL and T-ALL patients. However, some patients still experience relapse with a variable response to the treatment and display poor survival. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Pharmacology and resistance mechanisms of nucleoside analogues and topoisomerase II interactive agents : studies on human leukemia cells with a focus on cross-resistance

    Författare :Kourosh Lotfi; Rolf Larsson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Nucleoside analogue; cross-resistance; multidrug resistance; deoxycytidine kinase; leukemia; anthracyclines; P-glycoprotein; MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : The purpose of this thesis was to elucidate mechanisms of action and resistance of clinically relevant nucleoside analogues and topoisomerase interactive agents in human leukemia cell lines and leukernia cells isolated from peripheral blood of leukemia patients. Interactions and cross-resistance patterns of these different cytotoxic drug families were also studied since these drugs are usually administrated in combination in the clinic. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Studies of Retroviral Reverse Transcriptase and Flaviviral Protease Enzymes as Antiviral Drug Targets : Applications in Antiviral Drug Discovery & Therapy

    Författare :Muhammad Junaid; Jarl ES Wikberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Virus; enzymes; HIV AIDS; retroviral reverse transcriptase; flaviviral protease; NRTIs; proteochemometrics; drug resistance; DEN; JEV; NS2B H -NS3pro; antiviral; drug targets; drug discovery; drug therapy.; Farmakologi; Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : Viruses are a major threat to humans due to their unique adaptability, evolvability and  capability to control their hosts as parasites and genetic elements. HIV/AIDS is the third largest cause of death by infectious diseases in the world, and drug resistance due to the viral mutations is still the leading cause of treatment failure. LÄS MER

  5. 5. ASNA1 and cisplatin resistance : studies in C. elegans and in human tumor cells

    Författare :Oskar Hemmingsson; Peter Naredi; Mef Nilbert; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ASNA1; Cisplatin; C. elegans; Drug resistance; Apoptosis; Surgery; Kirurgi; Oncology; Onkologi; Surgery; kirurgi; Oncology; onkologi; cellforskning; cell research;

    Sammanfattning : Platinum based chemotherapy is widely used to treat cancer. Cisplatin (diamminedichloroplatinum) combination treatments provide cure for metastatic testicular cancer and prolong survival for patients suffering from ovarian, head and neck, bladder and non small cell lung cancer. LÄS MER