Sökning: "Surface physics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 755 avhandlingar innehållade orden Surface physics.

  1. 1. The effect of surface steps and oxides on the catalytic activity on model Pd and Rh catalysts

    Författare :Chu Zhang; Synkrotronljusfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Surface X-ray diffraction SXRD ; X-ray photonelectron spectroscopy; Catalytic activity; Oxide; Single Crystal surface; surface structure; vicinal surface; CO oxidation; stepped surface; Fysicumarkivet A:2018:Zhang;

    Sammanfattning : A catalyst is a substance that can speed up the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. Catalysts are crucial for chemical production industries, where about 90% of all chemicals are produced using catalysts. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Electronic Structure Calculations of Point Defects in Semiconductors

    Författare :Andreas Höglund; Susanne Mirbt; Alison Mainwood; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Physics; electronic structure calculations; point defects; semiconductor; formation energy; equilibrium solubility limit; thermodynamic equilibrium concentration; transfer levels; negative-U; 110 surface; diffusion; activation energy; solar cells; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis point defects in semiconductors are studied by electronic structure calculations. Results are presented for the stability and equilibrium concentrations of native defects in GaP, InP, InAs, and InSb, for the entire range of doping conditions and stoichiometry. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Piezoelectricity, Phase Stability, and Surface Diffusion in Multicomponent Nitrides

    Författare :Christopher Tholander; Björn Alling; Lars Hultman; Ferenc Tasnádi; Liverius Lymperakis; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Sammanfattning : The last hundred years have been full of scientific discoveries leading to technological advances, such as, computers, smart phones, etc. Most of the advances would not have been possible without new discoveries within the vast field of materials science. LÄS MER

  4. 4. From Macro to Nano : Electrokinetic Transport and Surface Control

    Författare :Gaspard Pardon; Wouter van der Wijngaart; Philippe Renaud; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; microsystem; nanosystem; microfluidic; nanofluidic; surface modification; surface property; electrokinetics; model; simulation; material; polymer; thiol-ene; microfabrication; nanofabrication; micromanufacturing; nanomanufacturing; breath sampling; aerosol precipitation; corona discharge; electrostatic precipitation; grafting chemistry; click chemistry; nanopore; nanoporous membrane; photolithography; photopatterning; photografting; microfluidics; nanofluidics; oste; OSTE ; OSTEmer; lab-on-chip; loc; point-of-care; poc; biocompatibility; diagnostics; breath analysis; fuel cell; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik; Materials Science and Engineering; Teknisk materialvetenskap; Physics; Fysik; Medicinsk teknologi; Medical Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Today, the growing and aging population, and the rise of new global threats on human health puts an increasing demand on the healthcare system and calls for preventive actions. To make existing medical treatments more efficient and widely accessible and to prevent the emergence of new threats such as drug-resistant bacteria, improved diagnostic technologies are needed. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Growth and Characterization of ZnO Nanocrystals

    Författare :Leif KE Ericsson; Kjell O Magnusson; Lars SO Johansson; Hanmin M Zhang; Omer Nour; Karlstads universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ZnO; Nanocrystals; Surface physics; XPS; SEM; AES; AFM; STM; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The understanding of surfaces of materials is of crucial importance to all of us. Considering nanocrystals (NCs), that have a large surface to bulk ratio, the surfaces become even more important. Therefore, it is important to understand the fundamental surface properties in order to use NCs efficiently in applications. LÄS MER