Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 283 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Spray.
Sammanfattning : A method to look into a dense liquid spray has beenevaluated. The spray was mechanically sliced to remove theobscuring parts of it, thus gaining optical access to theinternal regions and thereby allowing for visualization ofpreviously unavailable parts of the spray. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Gasoline Direct Injection Engines (GDI) for passenger cars currently use fuel injection systems operating at pressures of up to 350 bar. Injection pressures have increased over time, and there is evidence that particulate emissions could be reduced by raising them further, up to 500 bar. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Future demands on diesel engines, such as the need to meet stricter emission legislation, improve performance and lower fuel consumption, for lowering transportation cost and carbon dioxide emissions, forces the development of engines to take a major step in the near time. During the years of engine development, all components have been optimised in small steps at a time, but larger steps must now be taken to meet requirements of the future. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : It has been established by many authors that numerical simulations ofDiesel sprays, using a Lagrangian description for the liquid phase,are particularly sensitive to the scale of the computational cellscompromising the mesh. There have been many suggestions regardingmeans to reduce the dependency on the mesh by improving the componentsubmodels, but few have addressed the gas phase turbulence modelling. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Gasoline direct injection is a state-of-the-art technique that reduces hydrocarbon and particulate emissions. However, further improvement is needed to meet current as well as future emission regulations. LÄS MER