Sökning: "Snus"

Visar resultat 16 - 20 av 26 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Snus.

  1. 16. Epidemiological studies of the etiology of pancreatic cancer

    Författare :Juhua Luo; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal human cancers with less than 5% of patients surviving 5 years. Despite an urgent need for primary prevention, little is known about the etiology of this cancer. This thesis was aimed at increasing our understanding of the etiology of pancreatic cancer with regard to lifestyle and infectious agents. LÄS MER

  2. 17. The association between smoking behaviour and depressive symptoms in adolescence: the role of biology and of societal influences

    Författare :Elena Raffetti; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; tobacco use;

    Sammanfattning : Tobacco use is common among people who suffer from depressive symptoms. This cooccurrence is associated with several negative health outcomes. The present thesis will contribute to the understanding of if, how, and in which contexts this specific association occurs in early adolescence. LÄS MER

  3. 18. Tobacco use and dependence : does it originate in utero?

    Författare :Mina Rydell; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Prenatal nicotine exposure (such as from maternal smoking during pregnancy) has been hypothesized to cause a so called programming effect, where epigenetic changes might result in a long-lasting vulnerability to tobacco use and dependence, manifesting during adolescence or young adulthood. However, previous observational studies show mixed results, perhaps because the association could be influenced by a common genetic predisposition to tobacco use as well as by social factors influencing both parental tobacco use during pregnancy and tobacco use in the offspring. LÄS MER

  4. 19. Health for future : self-rated health and social status among adolescents

    Författare :Junia Joffer; Lars Jerdén; Reneé Flacking; Ann Öhman; Anna Sarkadi; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adolescent; health; self-rated health; smoking; self-esteem; social status; subjective social status; gender; social norms; think-aloud interview; Public health; folkhälsa;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim of this thesis was to explore self-rated health, subjective social status and smoking in adolescents.This thesis consists of a qualitative and a quantitative study. The qualitative study was an interview study that included 58 participants in the 7th and 12th grades. LÄS MER

  5. 20. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme : Effects of Smoking and Other Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases

    Författare :Liza Ljungberg; Karin Persson; Rolf Andersson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most common cause of death in Western countries. Smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolemia are considered as major risk factors. However, the underlying mechanisms by which these factors cause CVDs are not entirely clear. LÄS MER