Sökning: "Sigurdur Erlingsson"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 12 avhandlingar innehållade orden Sigurdur Erlingsson.

  1. 1. Mechanistic-Empirical Modelling of Flexible Pavement Performance : Verifications Using APT Measurements

    Författare :Abubeker W. Ahmed; Sigurdur Erlingsson; Hervè Di Benedetto; Abubeker Worake Ahmed; Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Performance; Deformation; Model not math ; Rutting wheel ; Viscoelasticity; Elasticity; Axle load; Flexible pavement; Laboratory not an organization ; Test; Thesis; Heavy vehicle simulator; Wheel tracking test; Road: Pavement design; Road: Pavement design; Flexible Pavement; Pavement Performance Models; Multilayer Elastic Theory; Linear Viscoelasticity; Rutting; Accelerated Pavement Testing; Heavy Vehicle Simulator; Transportvetenskap; Transport Science; Civil and Architectural Engineering; Byggvetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Mechanistic-Empirical  (M-E)  pavement  design  procedures  are  composed  of  a  reliable  response model to estimate the state of stress in the pavement and distress models in order to predict the different types of pavement distresses due to the prevailing traffic and environmental conditions. One of the main objectives of this study was to develop a response model based on multilayer elastic  theory   (MLET)  with  improved  computational  performance  by   optimizing  the   time consuming parts of the MLET processes. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ground vibrations due to pile and sheet pile driving : influencing factors, predictions and measurements

    Författare :Fanny Deckner; Staffan Hintze; Kenneth Viking; Sigurdur Erlingsson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ground vibration; pile; sheet pile; prediction; markvibrationer; påle; spont; prediktion;

    Sammanfattning : Ground vibrations due to pile driving are part of a complex process. Vibration is generated from the pile driver to the pile. As the pile interacts with the surrounding soil, vibrations are transferred at the pile-soil interface. The vibration propagates through the ground and interacts with structures, both above ground and underground. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Excavation in moraine and dense non-cohesive soil : Numerical analysis of soil behavior

    Författare :Mattias Lindgren; Staffan Hinze; Sigurdur Erlingsson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Excavation; Excavatability; Moraine; Dense non-cohesive soil;

    Sammanfattning : Excavation and moving of soil are common civil work tasks connected to the construction of buildings, roads and railways. In construction projects large amounts of soil have to be handled with different machines, tools and working methods. Soils are more or less difficult to excavate depending on their properties. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Non-Exhaust PM10 and Road Dust

    Författare :Joacim Lundberg; Sigurdur Erlingsson; Mats Gustafsson; Sara Janhäll; Göran Blomqvist; Brynhild Snilsberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Road Dust; Abrasion Wear; Road Surface Macro Texture; Mean Profile Depth; Mean Texture Depth; Emissions; Abrasion Wear Model; NORTRIP; PM10; Air Quality; Particles; Vägdamm; Vägslitage; Dubbslitage; Textur; Emissioner; Slitagemodell; NORTRIP; PM10; Partiklar; Luftkvalitet; Civil and Architectural Engineering; Byggvetenskap; Dust; Inhalable particle; Pavement; Tyre; Wear; Abrasion; Health; 15 Road: Environment; 15 Road: Environment;

    Sammanfattning : Non-exhaust PM10 is an issue in the urban environment linked to health issues. Emissions of non-exhaust PM10 is relatable to pavement properties. Also of importance is resuspension of road dust stored from surfaces. This depends on the traffic and metrological conditions. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Road Surface and Tyre Interaction : Functional Properties affecting Road Dust Load Dynamics and Storage

    Författare :Joacim Lundberg; Sigurdur Erlingsson; Mats Gustafsson; Xavier Querol; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Road dust; Road abrasion wear; Studded tyre abrasion wear; Texture; Emissions; Abrasion wear model; NORTRIP; PM10; Particles; Stone Mastic Asphalt – SMA; Porous Pavements; Double Layered Porous Asphalt Concrete – DLPAC; Road traffic noise; Rolling Resistance; Friction; Holistic; Function; Functional properties; Functional demands; Temporal variation; Spatial variation; Vägdamm; Vägslitage; Dubbdäcksslitage; Textur; Emissioner; Slitagemodell; NORTRIP; PM10; Partiklar; Asfaltsbetong; stenrik - ABS; Dränerande beläggning; Dubbeldränerande beläggning; Buller; Rullmotstånd; Friktion; Holistisk; Funktion; Funktionskrav; Tidsvariation; Rumsvariation; Civil and Architectural Engineering; Byggvetenskap; Building Materials; Byggnadsmaterial;

    Sammanfattning : Luftburna partiklar (PM) är ett problem för människans hälsa, där flertalet samband mellan negativa hälsoeffekter finns mellan luftföroreningar finns, bland annat för respiratoriska sjukdomar, lungcancer och kardiovaskulära sjukdomar med flera. I länder där dubbdäck används, till exempel Sverige, Finland och Norge, och sandning av vägar och gator genomförs vintertid för att säkerställa god friktion kommer en betydande andel av partiklarna från vägslitage och nedkrossning av sand vilket bidrar till PM10. LÄS MER