Sökning: "Sample pretreatment"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 22 avhandlingar innehållade orden Sample pretreatment.

  1. 1. On-line Sample Pretreatment Based on Membrane Enrichment, Mainly Using Supported Liquid Membranes, for Chromatographic Analysis

    Författare :Yin Shen; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biological Sample; Environmental Sample; Capillary Gas Chromatography; Ion Chromatography; Automation; Sample Pretreatment; Enrichment; Membrane; Extraction; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The main objective of this work was to construct practical analytical systems for the analysis of environmental and biological samples, using membrane-based techniques for sample pretreatment and chromatography for final analysis. Two types of membrane processes have been applied, with emphasis on automation. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Sample preconcentration in open microchannels : Combinations with MALDI and nano-ESI mass spectrometry and computer simulations

    Författare :Saara Mikkonen; Åsa Emmer; Leopold Ilag; Jenny Ottosson Takanen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Preconcentration; open microchannel; microchip; MALDI; electrospray ionization; nanoelectrospray; mass spectrometry; computer simulation;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis a novel concept for preconcentration of biomolecules in open microchannels is presented. The preconcentration is based on electromigration of charged analytes, and detection is performed with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) or nano-electrospray ionization (nESI) mass spectrometry (MS). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Column Development in Capillary Electrophoresis and Electrochromatography for Bioanalytical Applications

    Författare :Nina Johannesson; Jonas Bergquist; Karin Markides; Abdul Malik; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Analytical chemistry; Capillary electrophoresis CE ; Capillary electrochromatography CEC ; Mass spectrometry MS ; Bioanalysis; Sample pretreatment; Sol-gel; Analytisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Analysis of biological samples can be a difficult task. This thesis covers a broad aspect of the analytical areas of capillary electrophoresis (CE) and capillary electrochromatography (CEC) in combination with mass spectrometry (MS) that are of great importance for achieving fast, accurate and sensitive bioanalyses. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Optimization of Ohmic Contacts and Surface Passivation for ‘Buffer-Free’ GaN HEMT Technologies

    Författare :Chen Ding Yuan; Chalmers University of Technology; []

    Sammanfattning : Gallium nitride high electron mobility transistors (GaN HEMTs) draw attention from high frequency and high power industries due to unique properties including high electron mobility and saturation velocity combined with high breakdown voltage. This makes GaN HEMTs suitable for power devices with high switching speed and high frequency applications with high power density requirements. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Trametes versicolor as biodegrader and biocatalyst when using lignocellulose for ethanol production

    Författare :Marie Holmgren; Anita Sellstedt; Mohammad Taherzadeh; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Lignocellulose; 5-carbon; 6-carbon; Trametes versicolor; xylose reductase; xylitol dehydrogenase; xylulokinase; phenolics; levulinic acid; HMF; furfural; biodegrader; biocatalyst; pretreatment; xylanase; beta-glucosidase;

    Sammanfattning : Energy consumption has increased rapidly during the last century due to population growth and greater industrialization. Lignocellulosic-based biofuels are being developed as alternatives to fossil fuels. For many years the question of how 5-carbon sugars in biomass are utilized in nature has been a vexed one. LÄS MER