Sökning: "SNARE proteins"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 22 avhandlingar innehållade orden SNARE proteins.

  1. 1. Exocytosis in insulin secreting cells - role of SNARE-proteins

    Författare :Jenny Vikman; Diabetes - öcellsexocytos; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; calcium channel; cAMP; syntaxin 1; SNAP-25; SNARE; exocytosis; Insulin secretion; pancreatic beta-cells;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes is marked by deterioration in pancreatic β-cell function. SNARE-proteins are crucial for the fusion of insulin granules with the plasma membrane, a prerequisite for insulin secretion. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Membrane rafts and its GPI anchored complement inhibitors regulate insulin secretion

    Författare :Vini Nagaraj; Diabetes - öpatofysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Membrane rafts; basal insulin secretion; regulated insulin secretion; CD59; CD55; SNARE proteins; insulin; pancreatic beta cells.;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetic patients usually exhibit an abnormal lipid profile. One such lipid that is constantly elevated in T2D is cholesterol. At the cellular level, cholesterol aids in tight packing of sphingolipids in certain regions of the plasma membrane and these specialized regions are termed ‘membrane rafts’, which act as signalling hubs. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Characterization of Physiological and Pathological Alpha-Synuclein : Implications for Parkinson’s Disease and Related Disorders

    Författare :Leire Almandoz Gil; Joakim Bergström; Martin Ingelsson; Kostas Vekrellis; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Alpha-synuclein; Aggregation; Parkinson’s disease; Dementia with Lewy bodies; Oxidative stress; Antibodies; Synapses; SNARE; Molekylär medicin; Molecular Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Aggregated alpha-synuclein is the main component of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, intraneuronal inclusions found in the brains of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) patients (synucleinopathies). Alpha-synuclein is a presynaptic protein, which is most commonly an unfolded monomer in its physiological state. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The assembly of cytosolic lipid droplets and its effect on insulin sensitivity

    Författare :Pontus Boström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :diabetes; lipid metabolism; insulin resistance; lipid droplets; ADFP; SNARE;

    Sammanfattning : Accumulation of neutral lipids, in particular triglycerides, in non-adipocytes is highly related to the development of insulin resistance and its consequences, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The accumulation of triglycerides occurs in so-called lipid droplets in the cytosol. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Exocytosis in Type 2 Diabetes- Functional and genetic studies of hormone secretion

    Författare :Sofia A Andersson; Diabetes - öcellsexocytos; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Type 2 Diabetes; Insulin; Glucagon; Alpha-cells; Beta-cells; Exocytosis; Capacitance; SNARE; SNAP25; Syntaxin1A; Synaptotagmin; Munc-18 Stxbp1 ; SNP; Expression; miRNA;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is characterized by dysregulated beta-and alpha-cell hormone secretion leading to elevated blood glucose levels. Several proteins are crucial in maintaining exocytosis of the hormone-containing granules such as Syntaxin1A (Stx1A), SNAP25, Munc-18 (Stxbp1) and the family of Synaptotagmins (Syts). LÄS MER