Sökning: "SANS"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 47 avhandlingar innehållade ordet SANS.

  1. 1. Deviations from the London model in superconductors

    Författare :Emma Campillo; Synkrotronljusfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Superconductivity; Neutron scattering; SANS; vortex lattice; condensed matter physics; Fysicumarkivet A:2022:Campillo;

    Sammanfattning : Using Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) we have studied the flux line lattices of the first heavy-fermion superconductor to be discovered, CeCu2Si2, the well-known high-temperature superconductor YBa2Cu3O7, along with Ca-doped variants of this compound, and several topological superconductor candidates that have attracted a lot of attention in the last few years, such as PbTaSe2, Au2Pb and β-Bi2Pd.Unconventional superconductors, with pairing mechanisms and properties that are not accounted for within BCS theory, are a subject of continuing interest. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Structure-Property Relationships of Surfactants at Interfaces and Polyelectrolyte-Surfactant Aggregates

    Författare :Mikael Kjellin; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :nonionic surfactant; sugar surfactant; poly ethylene oxide ; amide; ester; polyelectrolyte; SDS; hydrophobic surface; glass surface; mica; adsorption; aggregation; micelle size; surface forces; wetting; dynamic surface tension; NMR; TRFQ; SANS; SAXS; ;

    Sammanfattning : The first part of this thesis is concerned with thestructure-property relationships in nonionic surfactantsystems. The main aim was to investigate how the surfactantstructure influences the adsorption at interfaces andinteractions between surfactant coated interfaces. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Structural Adaptation of DNA to Small Ligands and Recombination Proteins

    Författare :Hye-Kyung Kim; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :triplex DNA; groove binders; intercalators; SANS; DNA; optical spectroscopy; recombination proteins;

    Sammanfattning : In order to contribute to the understanding of mechanisms of recognition in nucleic acid systems, the interaction of DNA with a variety of ligands, representing different cases of adaptation of the double-helix structure, was studied using flow linear dichroism (LD), circular dichroism (CD), fluorescence and absorption spectroscopic techniques. A chiral hydrophobic metal complex, [Ru(dpphen)3]2+ was examined, since this had been reported to be the most efficient molecule to discriminate DNA handedness. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Association and Interactions in Protein-Surfactant Systems

    Författare :Anna Stenstam; Fysikalisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; catanionic surfactant; SANS; NMR; gel; sodium alkylsulfate; Protein-surfactant interactions; lysozyme; LH2; Physical chemistry; Fysikalisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Aggregation in protein-surfactant systems have been studied with the ambition of reaching a deeper understanding of the balance of the interaction forces involved. A pure system with maximized electrostatic interactions has been used. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Salting-out of Colloidal Latex Particles Grafted with Poly(ethylene glycol)

    Författare :Kristin Jonsson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; PEG; fluorinated colloids; monodisperse spheres; steric stability; emulsion polymerization; SAXS; crosslinking; salting-out; interfacial tension; SANS;

    Sammanfattning : Colloidal particles dispersed in a medium are important both in nature and in industry. The stability of colloidal particles is determined by the interactions between them and can be improved by steric stabilization. There is no conclusive understanding of how these sterically stabilized particles become unstable. LÄS MER