Sökning: "Quinolones"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 18 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Quinolones.

  1. 1. Fluoroquinolone resistance in the environment and the human gut – Analysis of bacterial DNA sequences to explore the underlying genetic mechanisms

    Författare :Anna Johnning; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Antimicrobial resistance; Quinolones; Pollution; Next generation sequencing; Bioinformatics; Next generation sequencing;

    Sammanfattning : Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are synthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotics that target type II topoisomerases. High-level resistance is often caused by mutations in the target genes of FQs, especially in gyrA and parC. In contrast, plasmid-mediated resistance genes, such as qnr, often confer moderate levels of resistance. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Palladium(0)-Catalysed Carbonylative Multicomponent Reactions : Synthesis of Heterocycles and the Application of Quinolinyl Pyrimidines as Enzyme Inhibitors

    Författare :Linda Åkerbladh; Mats Larhed; Luke Odell; Anders Karlén; Lise-Lotte Gundersen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Palladium catalysis; Carbonylation; Multicomponent reactions; Domino reactions; Heterocycles; 4-Quinolones; 2-Aminoquinazolinones; Benzoxazinones; N-Acylguanidines; Type II NADH dehydrogenase; NDH-2;

    Sammanfattning : Palladium-catalysed carbonylative multicomponent reactions have proven useful for the synthesis of structurally diverse compounds. Carbon monoxide serves as an atom-efficient, one-carbon building block, which allows for further structural elaboration of the carbonyl compound. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Characterization of resistance to quinolones, sulfonamide and trimethoprim in Campylobacter jejuni as well as to macrolides in the related bacterium, Helicobacter pylori

    Författare :Amera Gibreel; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Pharmaceutical biosciences; Farmaceutisk biovetenskap; Biopharmacy; Biofarmaci; Pharmaceutical Microbiology; farmaceutisk mikrobiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Gastroenteritis caused by C. jejuni is usually a mild to moderate self-limiting disease. Treatment is recommended in some cases. In recent years, quinolones have been increasingly used to treat acute bacterial enteritis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quinolone resistance in Bacteroides fragilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, two opportunistic pathogens

    Författare :Herin Oh; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :Quinolone; resistance; B. fragilis; P. aeruginosa; topoisomerase; efflux;

    Sammanfattning : Opportunistic pathogens can cause infections in case of structural or functional defects in the host. Examples of Gram-negative opportunists are the Bacteroides fragilis group, anaerobic, non-spore forming rods and the aerobic, non-fermentative rod Pseudomonas aeruginosa. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The GABAA Receptor as Target for Novel Heterocyclic Compounds

    Författare :Jakob Nilsson; Centrum för analys och syntes; []

    Sammanfattning : Ligands for the benzodiazepine-binding site of the GABAA receptor can belong to structurally diverse classes of compounds including, in spite of the name of the binding site, many non-benzodiazepine structures. The GABAA receptor is a ligand-gated ion channel assembled of five subunits from eight different classes with multiple isoforms. LÄS MER