Sökning: "Quantum mechanical effects"

Visar resultat 6 - 10 av 58 avhandlingar innehållade orden Quantum mechanical effects.

  1. 6. Studies of Voltage Losses in Organic Solar Cells

    Författare :Deping Qian; Fengling Zhang; Feng Gao; Olle Inganäs; Natalie Stingelin; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY;

    Sammanfattning : Organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices based on semiconducting polymers and small molecules are potential alternatives to inorganic solar cells, owing to their advantages of being inexpensive, lightweight, flexible and suitable for roll-to-roll production. The state of art organic solar cells (OSCs) performed power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) over 13%. LÄS MER

  2. 7. Nanomechanics – Quantum Size Effects, Contacts, and Triboelectricity

    Författare :Martin Olsen; Jonas Örtegren; Håkan Olin; Per Gradin; Peter Glans; Rusen Yang; Mittuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :triboelectricity; adatom; ion; charge; mound; quantum size effect; triboelctric nanogenerator; TENG; wind driven; contact; nanomechanics; fri electron model; nanowire cantilever;

    Sammanfattning : Nanomechanics is different from the mechanics that we experience in everyday life. At the nano-scale, typically defined as 1 to 100 nanometers, some phenomena are of crucial importance, while the same phenomena can be completely neglected on a larger scale. LÄS MER

  3. 8. Interactions, initial states, and low-dimensional semiconductors

    Författare :Peter Jaksch; Stephanie M. Reimann-Wacker; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Q!uantum mechanical interactions; quantum point contact QPC ; quantum wires; exchange-correlation energy; Reilly model; quantum algorithms; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is concerned with different aspects of quantum mechanical interactions. The first part of the thesis focuses on their effects in low-dimensional semiconductors; the second part on one of their applications: quantum algorithms, which utilize superpositions created from quantum mechanical interactions. LÄS MER

  4. 9. Quantum mechanical effects on charge transport in two mesoscopic systems

    Författare :Gustav Sonne; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nanoelectromechanical systems; NEMS; carbon nanotubes; carbon peapods; excess current; superconducting weak links; suspended carbon nanotubes; non-linear resonances;

    Sammanfattning : Carbon nanotubes are one of the most promising building blocks for the developing field of nanoelectromechanics. Due to their unique electronic and mechanical properties, these all-carbon systems have been suggested for a range of applications where one wishes to utilse the coupling between mechanical and electronic degrees of freedom on the nanometer length scale. LÄS MER

  5. 10. Quantum Coherence for Light Harvesting

    Författare :David Palecek; Kemisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy; Quantum coherence; Light harvesting; Photosynthetic reaction center; Energy transfer;

    Sammanfattning : Almost all life on Earth depends on the products of photosynthesis — the biochemical process whereby solar energy is stored as chemical-rich compounds. The energy of captured photons is transferred through a network of pigment-protein complexes towards the reaction center. LÄS MER