Sökning: "Psychological stress"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 308 avhandlingar innehållade orden Psychological stress.

  1. 1. The Stress Hypothesis : Implications for the induction of diabetes-related autoimmunity in children?

    Författare :Anneli Sepa; Ann Frodi; Johnny Ludvigsson; Gunilla Bohlin; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Psychological stress; parenting stress; attachment security; serious life events; children; attitudes; Type I diabetes; beta-cell autoantibodies; prediction; etiology; Medicine; Medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Second to Finland, Sweden has the world’s highest incidence of type 1 diabetes. Experiences of serious life events have retrospectively been shown to constitute a risk factor for the development of this disease, probably via the biological stress response. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Stress and Obesity in Childhood

    Författare :Felix-Sebastian Koch; Johnny Ludvigsson; Anneli Sepa; Anders Hjern; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Psychological stress; parents; children; obesity; self-esteem; body dissatisfaction; epidemiology; Paediatric medicine; Pediatrisk medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Childhood obesity is a serious health problem and prevalence increases dramatically around the world, including Sweden. The aim of the current thesis was to examine parents’ and children’s stress in relation to childhood obesity. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Psychological distress in coronary heart disease : Risk indicators, treatment and cardiovascular prognosis

    Författare :Fredrika Norlund; Claes Held; Erik Olsson; Petra Lindfors; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; psychological distress; myocardial infarction; coronary heart disease; depression; anxiety; stress; cognitive behavioral therapy; iCBT; stress management; cardiac rehabilitation; Psychology; Psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aims of this thesis were to: (1) explore factors associated with emotional distress; (2) investigate psychosocial stress as a risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) morbidity in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD); (3) investigate the impact of group-based stress management on psychological outcomes, and if that mediates risk of CV events; and (4) evaluate an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for emotional distress in patients with a recent myocardial infarction (MI).In Study I, data from the national registry SWEDEHEART on 27,267 MI patients < 75 years was used. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Self-help via the Internet : A new approach to psychological treatment

    Författare :Lars Ström; Gerhard Andersson; Jeff Richards; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Psychotherapy; Internet; treatment; sleep disorder; insomnia; stress management; stress; headache; drop-out; self-help; minimal therapist contact; Psykoterapi; Psychiatry; Psykiatri;

    Sammanfattning : During the last 30 years, studies have shown self-help to be effective in a number of areas, and to produce equal or close to equal results compared to face-to-face therapy. The Internet can reach a large number of people at a low cost and add the possibility of two-way communication to self-help, thereby offering cost-effective psychological treatments. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Childhood bereavement, stress resilience, and cancer risk : an integrated register-based approach

    Författare :Beatrice Kennedy; Katja Fall; Fang Fang; Unnur Valdimarsdottír; Scott Montgomery; Meena Kumari; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; alcohol; bereavement; cancer; drug use; epidemiology; health behaviour; psychological resilience; smoking; stress;

    Sammanfattning : Accumulating evidence suggests that psychosocial stress and susceptibility to stressful exposures – stress resilience – influence the risk of various health outcomes, but the potential link with cancer occurrence is unclear. The aims of this thesis were to test if loss of a close relative, a marker of severe psychological stress, and stress resilience measured during late adolescence are associated with cancer risk later in life, as well as to explore potential underlying mechanisms. LÄS MER