Sökning: "Protons"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 263 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Protons.

  1. 1. Investigations of Reaction Cross Sections for Protons and 3He

    Författare :Mattias Lantz; Anders Ingemarsson; Livius Trache; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Nuclear physics; reaction cross section; protons; 3He; experimental method; transmission method; optical model; parametrization; matter distributions; Kärnfysik; Nuclear physics; Kärnfysik;

    Sammanfattning : The reaction cross section gives the probability that a particle will undergo a nonelastic process when passing through a nuclear medium. Therefore reaction cross section data are of importance both for theoretical studies and for applications in such diverse fields as medicine, biology, astrophysics and accelerator-driven transmutation of nuclear waste. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Experiments on Laser-Based Particle Acceleration : Beams of Energetic Electrons and Protons

    Författare :Kristoffer Svensson; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; laser; plasma; acceleration; electrons; protons; Fysicumarkivet A:2016:Svensson;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes experiments involving laser-plasma-based acceleration of electrons and protons, using the techniques of laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) and target normal sheath acceleration (TNSA). By using extremely high accelerating field strengths, up to the order of TV m-1, it is possible to reach high kinetic particle energies over very short distances. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Dose Escalation with High Dose Rate Brachytherapy or Protons in Curative Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer

    Författare :Lennart Åström; Lars Holmberg; Gunilla Enblad; Henrik Grönberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Prostate cancer; radiotherapy; brachytherapy; high dose rate; protons; PSA bounce;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of the thesis was to study the outcome and side effects after dose-escalated radiotherapy with high dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) or proton beam therapy (PBT) boost in prostate cancer.The first cohorts of men in Sweden treated with either HDR-BT or PBT in combination with conventional photon beam therapy (2 Gray (Gy) fractions to 50 Gy) were analysed. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Comparative treatment planning in external radiotherapy of malignant tumours : Potential gains using protons

    Författare :Ulf Isacsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Oncology; Breast cancer; comparative treatment; Ewing sarcoma; oesophageal cancer; proton therapy; radiotherapy; rectal cancer; treatment planning algorithms; Onkologi; Oncology; Onkologi; Oncology; onkologi;

    Sammanfattning : It is well known that protons have physical characteristics superior to conventional radiation qualities in external beam radiotherapy. The primary aim of this work is to determine if the physical advantages also may lead to clinical advantages. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Radiobiological investigations of proton and light ion therapy

    Författare :Nina Tilly; Michael Scholz; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Radiobiology; Monte Carlo method; Radiotherapy; high-energy instrumentation; Protons; Light ions; RBE; LET; Radiobiological models; Radiobiologi; medicinsk strålningsfysik; Medical Radiation Physics;

    Sammanfattning : During the last decade, the interest in proton and light ion beam therapy has increased considerably and several new centres are planned around the world. These particles have a large advantage due to their sharp physical dose distributions as compared to conventional radiotherapy beams. LÄS MER