Sökning: "Preterm birth"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 231 avhandlingar innehållade orden Preterm birth.

  1. 1. Public Health Aspects of Preterm Birth. Studies using Scandinavian population-based data

    Författare :Nils-Halvdan Morken; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Nyckelord :preterm birth; preterm delivery; subgroups; spontaneous preterm birth; iatrogenic preterm birth; birth weight; fetal growth; reference population; outcome; cerebral palsy; prediction;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Preterm birth is an unresolved serious global health problem. Research must be multi-disciplinary, with assessment of risk factors and causative agents at many levels of observation. Such an important level is the public health aspect of preterm birth. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Surviving birth : Studies of a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol in a low-income context using a mixed-methods approach

    Författare :Johan Wrammert; Mats Målqvist; Nalini Singhal; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cause of death; focus group; guideline adherence; infant; low-income population; low birth weight; Nepal; neonatal resuscitation; nurse midwives; neonatal mortality; newborn; perinatal mortality; preterm; quality improvement cycle; teamwork; postnatal; video recording;

    Sammanfattning : United Nations has lately stated ambitious health targets for 2030 in the Sustainable Development Goal agenda, following the already achieved progress between 1990 and 2015 when the number of children dying before the age of five was reduced by more than half. However, the mortality reduction in the first month of life after birth has not kept the same pace. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Preterm birth and allergic disease

    Författare :Niki Mitselou; Jonas Ludvigsson; Erik Melén; Kari Christine Nadeau; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Allergen-specific immunotherapy; allergic rhinitis; caesarean delivery; epidemiology; preterm birth; sensitization; paediatrics; pregnancy;

    Sammanfattning : Allergic diseases are very common in children and young adults, while there is an ongoing interest worldwide in exploring the early origins of these conditions. The perinatal period is considered crucial as it encompasses the maturation of gut microbiota and the establishment of an efficient immunoregulation. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Infectious and inflammatory mechanisms in preterm birth and cerebral palsy

    Författare :Bo Jacobsson; Göteborgs universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; preterm birth; preterm labor; preterm prelabor rupture of membranes; intra-uterine infection; intra-amniotic inflammation; interleukin-6; interleukin-8; interleukin-18; monocyte chemotactic protein-1; cerebral palsy; antenatal risk factors; chorioamnionitis.;

    Sammanfattning : Background: International studies of women in preterm labor (PTL) and preterm pre-labor rupture of the membranes (pPROM) have shown a significant association between microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC), some cytokines and chemokines and preterm birth (PTB). These studies have been performed in countries with higher incidence of PTB than that in Sweden. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Longitudinal studies of executive and cognitive development after preterm birth

    Författare :Aiko Lundequist; Ann-Charlotte Smedler; Birgitta Böhm; Gunilla Bohlin; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Preterm birth; low birth-weight; degree of prematurity; medical risks; general intelligence; executive functions; parental education; gender; development; Psychology; psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Stockholm Neonatal Project is a longitudinal population-based study of children born prematurely in 1988-93, with a very low birth weight (.... LÄS MER