Sökning: "Population Surveillance : methods"
Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 81 avhandlingar innehållade orden Population Surveillance : methods.
Sammanfattning : Background Mortality data are critical to understanding and monitoring changes in population health status over time. Nevertheless, the majority of people living in the world’s poorest countries, where the burden of disease is highest, remain outside any kind of systematic health surveillance. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : When this work was initiated the infectious disease surveillance systems available to public health authorities in Sweden and elsewhere were not providing continuously updated information on individuals stricken by disease unless the individuals sought health care or considerable field work was undertaken. However, continuous information on the incidence, regardless of health care seeking behaviour, is vital when estimating the case fatality rate and societal impact of a disease, and when comparing surveillance results between countries and over time. LÄS MER
3. Counting deaths, accounting for lives : Novel applications of standardised verbal autopsy methods for augmented health systems
Sammanfattning : Half of the world’s deaths and their causes are never recorded by virtue of the under-resourced civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems which limits capacity of health systems to respond to population needs. Verbal autopsy (VA) has emerged as a pragmatic approach for determining causes of death using standard interviews including signs, symptoms and circumstances of death, conducted with the bereaved family. LÄS MER
4. Spatiotemporal prediction of arbovirus outbreak risk : the role of weather and population mobility
Sammanfattning : Background: Arboviruses such as dengue and chikungunya have been a significant public health burden globally for several decades. In Indonesia, all four dengue serotypes are circulating. LÄS MER
5. Counted - and then? : trends in child mortality within an Ethiopian demographic surveillance site
Sammanfattning : Background Knowledge of the state of health of a population is necessary for planning for health services for that population. It is a paradox that the health of populations is most commonly measured by mortality and cause of death patterns, but the absence of medical services available to a majority of the world population has made it unavoidable to equate “state of health” with “cause of death pattern”. LÄS MER