Sökning: "Population Surveillance : methods"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 81 avhandlingar innehållade orden Population Surveillance : methods.

  1. 1. Dying to count : mortality surveillance methods in resource-poor settings

    Författare :Edward F Fottrell; Peter Byass; Heiko Becher; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mortality; surveillance; verbal autopsy; survey methods; Epidemiology; Epidemiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Background Mortality data are critical to understanding and monitoring changes in population health status over time. Nevertheless, the majority of people living in the world’s poorest countries, where the burden of disease is highest, remain outside any kind of systematic health surveillance. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Development of methods for population-based surveillance of influenza

    Författare :Hanna Merk; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : When this work was initiated the infectious disease surveillance systems available to public health authorities in Sweden and elsewhere were not providing continuously updated information on individuals stricken by disease unless the individuals sought health care or considerable field work was undertaken. However, continuous information on the incidence, regardless of health care seeking behaviour, is vital when estimating the case fatality rate and societal impact of a disease, and when comparing surveillance results between countries and over time. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Counting deaths, accounting for lives : Novel applications of standardised verbal autopsy methods for augmented health systems

    Författare :Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Verbal autopsy; cause of death; vital registration; health system; surveillance; World Health Organization;

    Sammanfattning : Half of the world’s deaths and their causes are never recorded by virtue of the under-resourced civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems which limits capacity of health systems to respond to population needs. Verbal autopsy (VA) has emerged as a pragmatic approach for determining causes of death using standard interviews including signs, symptoms and circumstances of death, conducted with the bereaved family. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Spatiotemporal prediction of arbovirus outbreak risk : the role of weather and population mobility

    Författare :Aditya L. Ramadona; Joacim Rocklöv; Yesim Tozan; Hari Kusnanto; Lutfan Lazuardi; Paula Moraga; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; arbovirus; dengue; temperature; rainfall; extreme weather; climate variability; population mobility; twitter data; social media; forecasting model; early warning; epidemic; big data; INLA; spatiotemporal model; climate services;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Arboviruses such as dengue and chikungunya have been a significant public health burden globally for several decades. In Indonesia, all four dengue serotypes are circulating. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Counted - and then? : trends in child mortality within an Ethiopian demographic surveillance site

    Författare :Anders Emmelin; Stig Wall; Peter Byass; Tord Kjellström; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; child mortality; developing countries; demographic surveillance; equity; Public health science; Folkhälsovetenskap; Epidemiology; epidemiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Background Knowledge of the state of health of a population is necessary for planning for health services for that population. It is  a paradox that the health of populations is most commonly measured by mortality and cause of death patterns, but the absence of medical services available to a majority of the world population has made it unavoidable to equate “state of health” with “cause of death pattern”. LÄS MER