Sökning: "Placebo"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 406 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Placebo.

  1. 1. Bending and Mending the Neurosignature : Elicting the Relaxation Response with help of Flotation-REST ( Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) in Patients with Stress Related Pain

    Författare :Sven-Åke Bood; Torsten Norlander; Gun Nordström; Lars-Gösta Dahlöf; Karlstads universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Burn-out; flotation-REST; pain; prolactin; relaxation response; stress; attention; depression; placebo.; Psychology; Psykologi; Psykologi; Psychology;

    Sammanfattning : Abstract. The overarching purpose of the current thesis was to assess the long term effects of a documented treatment program involving flotation-REST for the experience of pain, from the point of view of variables connected with Melzack´s neuromatrix theory, and to examine the extent of a potential attention-placebo effect in connection with flotation-REST. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Imaging serotonin and dopamine transporters in social anxiety disorder : Characterization, treatment and expectancy effects

    Författare :Olof Hjorth; Tomas Furmark; Andreas Frick; Eduard Maron; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; PET; serotonin; dopamine; placebo; SSRI; CBT; MRI; Psychology; Psykologi; Psychiatry; Psykiatri; Radiology; Radiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The monoamines serotonin and dopamine are likely to be involved in the pathophysiology of social anxiety and other affective disorders, but their respective contributions and putative interactions in the causes and cures of these disorders are still not well understood. It is also largely unknown if and how expectations of treatment success affect brain neurochemistry and neural activations, and if expectations interact with antidepressants like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ovarian Steroid Hormones, Emotion Processing and Mood

    Författare :Malin Gingnell; Inger Sundström-Poromaa; Mats Fredrikson; Johan Wikström; Larry Cahill; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; menstrual cycle; combined oral contraceptives; estrogen; estradiol; progesterone; ethinyl-estradiol; levonorgestrel; randomized clinical trial; placebo; fMRI; amygdala; ACC; insula; dlPFC; mPFC; IFG; MFG; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science; Obstetrik och gynekologi; Obstetrics and Gynaecology;

    Sammanfattning : It is known that some psychiatric disorders may deteriorate in relation to the menstrual cycle. However, in some conditions, such as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), symptomatology is triggered mainly by the variations in ovarian steroid hormones. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Zvinorwadza : Being a patient in the religious and medical plurality of the Mberengwa district, Zimbabwe

    Författare :Olov Dahlin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; Religion; Patient; life-worlds; Mberengwa; Karanga; Zimbabwe; religious plurality; traditional religion; Christianity; African-initiated churches; medical plurality; traditional medicine; faith healing; modern health care; biomedicine; sickness; healing; placebo; nocebo; cooperation; Religionsvetenskap Teologi; Religion Theology; Religionsvetenskap Teologi; religionssociologi; religionssociologi; Patients - Zimbabwe; Medical plurality - Zimbabwe; Religious plurality - Zimbabwe; Patienter – Zimbabwe; Sjukdomsbegreppet – Zimbabwe; Mångkulturella samhällen – Zimbabwe; Mångreligiösa samhällen - Zimbabwe; History of religion; Religionshistoria;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with patients in a rural area of southern Africa and poses these basic questions: What does it mean to be ill in this part of the world and what do patients' life-worlds look like? In order to find answers to these questions, an in-depth fieldwork was carried out through which I was able to study how patients reacted to illness. I followed twenty patients in their search of ease, of which ten were members of Chief Mataga's family, with whom I was staying. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Nausea and vomiting in patients receiving acupuncture, sham acupuncture or standard care during radiotherapy

    Författare :Anna Enblom; Sussanne Börjeson; Gunnar Steineck; Mats Hammar; Elisabet Stener-Victorin; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Acupuncture; Cancer; Emesis; Placebo; Radiotherapy; MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : Background and aim: Many patients with cancer experience emesis (nausea and vomiting) during radiotherapy. The overall aim of this thesis was to improve the situation for patients with risk for emesis during radiotherapy, by evaluating emesis in patients receiving verum (genuine) acupuncture, sham (simulated) acupuncture or standard care during radiotherapy. LÄS MER