Sökning: "Particles"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 2536 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Particles.

  1. 1. Metal Particles – Hazard or Risk? Elaboration and Implementation of a Research Strategy from a Surface and Corrosion Perspective

    Författare :Klara Midander; Inger Odnevall Wallinder; Sannakaisa Virtanen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ferro-chromium alloy; metal particles; bioaccessibility; chemical speciation; dermal contact; surface oxide; in-vitro testing; chemical speciation; cu; copper; comet assay; intracellular; ultrafine; in vitro; A549; cytotoxicity; DNA damage; nanoparticles; particle characterization; artificial sweat; nickel release; nickel powder particles; particle loadings; release kinetics; surface area; copper release; powder particles; synthetic body fluids; simulation of interstitial lung conditions; skin contact; metal release; stainless steel; particles; test method; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; Spectroscopy; Spektroskopi;

    Sammanfattning : Do metal particles (including particles of pure metals, alloys, metal oxides and compounds) pose a hazard or risk to human health? In the light of this question, this thesis summarizes results from research conducted on metal particles, and describes the elaboration and implementation of an in vitro test methodology to study metal release from particles through corrosion and dissolution processes in synthetic biological media relevant for human exposure through inhalation/ingestion and dermal contact. Bioaccessible metals are defined as the pool of released metals from particles that potentially could be made available for absorption by humans or other organisms. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ultrafine particles in concrete : Influence of ultrafine particles on concrete properties and application to concrete mix design

    Författare :Carsten Vogt; Jonas Holmgren; Björn Lagerblad; Jan-Erik Jonasson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; concrete; ultrafine particles; cement replacement; particle grading; Construction materials; Konstruktionsmaterial;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  3. 3. Oxidation kinetics of nickel particles

    Författare :Richard Karmhag; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Materials science; Oxidation; kinetics; nickel; particles; UFP; solar absorber; Materialvetenskap; Materials science; Teknisk materialvetenskap; Solid State Physics; fasta tillståndets fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Nanoparticles have an immense surface to volume ratio. This is a key factor to the new properties of some materials made up of such particles. The oxide layer formed on all materials will have a large influence on the behaviour of these materials. The layer isadvantageous in some cases but causes problems in other. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Ceramic Core–Shell Particles : Synthesis and Use within Dentistry

    Författare :Camilla Berg; Wei Xia; Håkan Engqvist; Nicola Döbelin; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Calcium phosphate; Core-shell particles; Substituting ions; Dentin hypersensitivity; Occlusion; Mineralization; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : Dentin hypersensitivity is one of the most prevalent conditions related to oral health, affecting a large share of the adult population. Shortcomings with the available treatment options are related to non-ideal particle sizes and degradation properties. LÄS MER

  5. 5. On particles and slags in steel casting

    Författare :Dimitrios Siafakas; Anders E.W. Jarfors; Taishi Matsushita; Sridhar Seetharaman; Högskolan i Jönköping; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Hadfield steel; deoxidation; grain size; inoculation; particles; viscosity; slag;

    Sammanfattning : Hadfield steel is widely accepted as one of the most important steel alloys utilized in industrial applications where high impact strength and wear resistance is required. Like in most metallic alloys used for component casting, the mechanical properties of Hadfield steel are directly connected with the microstructure of the material. LÄS MER