Sökning: "PDE3B"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 11 avhandlingar innehållade ordet PDE3B.

  1. 1. Studies in beta cells and adipocytes in the context of obesity and T2D - focusing on PDE3B, OPN and SCFAs

    Detta är en avhandling från Insulin Signal Transduction

    Författare :Emilia Heimann; [2014]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Obesity; type 2 diabetes; islets of Langerhans; adipocytes; PDE3B; OPN; SCFAs;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by altered lipid parameters and elevated glucose levels, as a direct consequence of impaired insulin signaling in target tissues and reduced insulin exocytosis from pancreatic β-cells. Obesity, which dramatically increases worldwide, is associated with insulin resistance and T2D. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Role of Phosphodiesterase 3B in the Regulation of Insulin Secretion

    Detta är en avhandling från Linda Härndahl, C11 BMC, SE-221 84 Lund

    Författare :Linda Härndahl; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetology; Endokrinologi; sekretion; diabetologi; secreting systems; Endocrinology; beta-cell; diabetes; islet; PDE3B; cAMP;

    Sammanfattning : Pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction and insulin resistance are the two hallmarks of type 2 diabetes. An early sign of beta-cell dysfunction is impaired nutrient-induced insulin release. Several insulin secretagogues act by increasing the formation of intracellular cAMP. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Adipocyte phosphatases and the antilipolytic action of insulin

    Detta är en avhandling från Svante Resjö, BMC, C11, SE-221 84 LUND, SWEDEN

    Författare :Svante Resjö; [2002]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; protein phosphorylation; protein purification; adipose tissue; PP2A; protein phosphatase; PDE3B; phosphodiesterase 3B; Insulin signalling; antilipolysis; Klinisk biologi; Clinical biology; PKB; protein kinase B;

    Sammanfattning : Adipose tissue is the main site of energy storage of the body and an important endocrine organ. Knowledge of the regulation of fat metabolism and the endocrine factors secreted by the adipocyte is crucial for the understanding of diseases such as obesity and diabetes. Insulin is the main antilipolytic hormone. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The role of phosphodiesterase 3B in energy metabolism

    Detta är en avhandling från Lund University: Faculty of Medicine

    Författare :Emilia Zmuda-Trzebiatowska; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetology; secreting systems; Endocrinology; Physiology; Fysiologi; Medicin människa och djur ; glucose uptake; lipogenesis; adipocyte; Medicine human and vertebrates ; cAMP; PDE3B; insulin; Endokrinologi; sekretion; diabetologi;

    Sammanfattning : Energy metabolism at the level of any particular tissue is tightly regulated by hormones, neurotransmitters and cytokines in order to maintain overall energy homeostasis. Any dysfunctions in energy metabolism may lead to more or less severe consequences, with obesity and type 2 diabetes being the most prevalent ones. LÄS MER

  5. 5. THE ROLE OF PHOSPHODIESTERASE 3B IN CAMP-MEDIATED REGULATION OF INSULIN SECRETION

    Detta är en avhandling från Medical Faculty, Lund University

    Författare :Helena Jones; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cAMP; PDE3B; exocytosis; insulin; diabetes; Medicine human and vertebrates ; Medicin människa och djur ; diabetologi; sekretion; Endokrinologi; diabetology; Endocrinology; secreting systems;

    Sammanfattning : Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by various combinations of ?-cell failure and insulin resistance leading to hyperglycemia and glucose intolerance. In order to maintain glucose tolerance in the insulin resistance state, increased insulin secretion is a requirement and it is because of inadequate islet adaptation that glucose intolerance develops in T2DM. LÄS MER