Sökning: "P2 receptor"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 23 avhandlingar innehållade orden P2 receptor.

  1. 1. Novel functions of cardiovascular P2 receptors

    Författare :Anna-Karin Wihlborg; Kardiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cardiovascular system; Kardiovaskulära systemet; mRNA; EDHF; UTP; UDP; ADP; ATP; P2 receptor; contraction; dilatation; endothelial cells; Heart; VSMC;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of the thesis was to examine the expression and function of the extracellular nucleotide P2 receptors in the cardiovascular system. In the cardiovascular system nucleotides are released during shear stress, hypoxia, ischemia, from endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, aggregating platelets, inflammatory cells and erythrocytes. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Expression and Regulation of P2 Receptors in Human Circulation

    Författare :Lingwei Wang; Sektion II; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Western blotting; Cardiovascular system; Kardiovaskulära systemet; vascular remodeling; systemic lupus erythematosus; smooth muscle cell; shear stress; real-time PCR; platelets; P2 receptor; gene expression; erythrocyte; ATP release; endothelium;

    Sammanfattning : P2 receptors mediate the actions of the extracellular nucleotides ATP, ADP, UTP and UDP regulating several physiological responses including cardiac function, vascular tone, smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation, platelet aggregation, and the release of endothelial factors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mRNA and protein expression of P2 receptors in human SMCs, endothelial cells (ECs), erythrocytes and platelets, the regulation of P2 receptors under shear stress in human vessels, the changes of platelet P2 receptors in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the regulation of plasma ATP levels by P2 receptor on erythrocytes. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Vascular Effects of P2 Receptors. Changes in Congestive Heart Failure

    Författare :Malin Malmsjö; Lund Medicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; congestive heart failure; pyrimidine; purine; P2 receptor; vasodilatation; vasoconstriction; hyperpolarisation; EDHF; NO; Vascular; endothelium; Cardiovascular system; Kardiovaskulära systemet;

    Sammanfattning : Extracellular nucleotides induce dilatation and constriction of blood vessels by activation of P2 receptors. In this thesis the vasomotor effects of P2 receptor activation were studied in the rat mesenteric artery, and their changes in congestive heart failure (CHF) were evaluated using in vitro pharmacology, electrophysiology and competitive RT-PCR. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Lipid Signalling Dynamics in Insulin-secreting β-cells

    Författare :Anne Wuttke; Anders Tengholm; Erik Gylfe; Louis Philipson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ATP; β-cell; diacylglycerol; insulin secretion; oscillations; PtdIns 4 P; PtdIns 4; 5 P2; protein kinase C; P2Y receptor; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Certain membrane lipids are involved in intracellular signalling processes, among them phosphoinositides and diacylglycerol (DAG). They mediate a variety of functions, including the effects of nutrients and neurohormonal stimuli on insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Cell membrane involving phenomena in two cholinergic systems : endocytosis in denervated striated muscle and nicotinic acetylcholine/P2-purinergic receptor interactions in mammalian inner ear

    Författare :Grace Kerali Lawoko; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER