Sökning: "Overdistension"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 9 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Overdistension.

  1. 1. Respiratory mechanics during mechanical ventilation in health and in disease

    Författare :Cecilia Svantesson; Lund Klinisk fysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Recruitment; Collapse; Overdistension; Viscoelasticity; Elastic pressure-volume curve; Respiratory disease; Health; Human; Rabbit; Positive end-expiratory pressure; Anaesthesiology; intensive care; Anestesiologi; intensivvård;

    Sammanfattning : The elastic pressure-volume (Pel-V) curve of the respiratory system can be used as a guide for improved ventilator management. It may indicate risks of lung damage associated with collapse or overdistension of lung units. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Hemodynamic Effects of Lung Function Optimization in Experimental Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Författare :Arnoldo Santos; Anders Larsson; Fernando Suarez-Sipmann; John Marini; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Acute respiratory distress syndrome; Lung protective ventilation; Mechanical ventilation; Open lung approach; Pulmonary heart disease; Pulmonary vascular mechanics; Pulmonary vascular dysfunction; Pulse wave analysis; Right ventricular dysfunction; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care; Fysiologi; Physiology;

    Sammanfattning : Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a severe pulmonary inflammation affecting thousands of patients every year in Sweden and has a mortality of 30-50%. Mechanical ventilation (MV) is usually necessary, but could per se augment the inflammation and contribute to mortality. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Spirodynamics. New methods for continuous monitoring of respiratory mechanics in ventilator-treated patients

    Författare :Sigurbergur Kárason; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Monitoring; Respiratory mechanics; Mechanical ventilation; Compliance; Alveolar pressure; Dynostatic algorithm; ALI; ARDS; Model; Human.;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Ventilator treatment is often life-saving but has the inherent risk of causing damage to lung tissues. Overdistension and repetitive collapsing/opening of alveoli should be avoided. Monitoring of respiratory mechanics has a central role in accomplishing this. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The dynostatic algorithm in adult and paediatric respiratory monitoring

    Författare :Sören Söndergaard; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :monitoring; respiratory mechanics; lung model; fibre optic pressure measurement; alveolar pressure; dynostatic algorithm;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction: Positive pressure ventilation carries a risk of aggravating systemic and lung disease. Monitoring of ventilatory pressure and volume is important to minimize this risk. Conventionally, the pressure of the respiratory system is measured outside the patient. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Bladder distension : aspects of a healthcare-related injury

    Författare :Eva Joelsson-Alm; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are common health problems. For the individual, LUTS is troublesome and can greatly affect the health-related quality-of- life (HRQOL). One cause of LUTS is urinary retention (inability to void in the presence of a full bladder); a well-known complication following hospital care. LÄS MER