Sökning: "Orthopedics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 133 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Orthopedics.

  1. 1. Outcome Assessment in Lumbar Spine Surgery

    Författare :Gustavo Zanoli; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatologi; Surgery; Skeleton; muscle system; rheumatology locomotion; Skelett; muskelsystem; reumatologi; Spinal stenosis; Disc; Questionnaire; Outcome assessment; Lumbar spine; Kirurgi; traumatology; orthopaedics; ortopedi;

    Sammanfattning : No consensus regarding outcomes assessment in spine patients exists. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) questionnaires are increasingly used. The objective of this thesis was the evaluation of HRQoL measures before and after lumbar spine surgery, and their relation to other evaluation parameters as well as relevance of differences. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Legg-Calvé-Perthes´ disease. Synovitis, cartilage, remodeling

    Författare :Göran Eckerwall; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Stromelysin; Sonography; Remodeling; Proteoglycan; Pressure; Osteotomy; MRI; MR imaging; Metaphysis; Legg-Calvé-Perthes; Histology; Hip; Arthrography; Child; Synovitis; Surgery; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis evaluates and correlates the findings in a series of children with Legg-Calvé-Perthes´ Disease at the Departments of Orthopedics, University Hospitals in Lund, Sweden and Odense, Denmark during 1984-1993. It focuses on the importance of synovitis and its effect on the cartilage, on the shape of the femoral head in the early phases of LCPD and on femoral head remodeling after proximal femoral varus derotation osteotomy. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Determinants of outcome in lumbar spinal stenosis surgery

    Författare :Freyr Gauti Sigmundsson; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Lumbar spinal stenosis; outcome; pain; function; health related quality of life; decompression; spinal fusion;

    Sammanfattning : Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a degenerative disorder of the spine that predominantly affects the elderly. LSS is the most common spinal disorder leading to surgery in Sweden. Recent randomized controlled studies have showed better outcome with surgery compared to conservative treatment. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Fracture of the distal radius - outcome, primary surgery and treatment of malunion

    Författare :Antonio Abramo; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Bone substitute; surgery; DASH; Cerament; Distal radius fracture; Hydroxy apatite; Norian; malunion; TriMed; outcome;

    Sammanfattning : A consensus protocol for treatment of distal radius fractures (DRF) has been developed to aid clinicians in treatment decision making. The protocol was evaluated in Paper I using a validated subjective outcome instrument, DASH in 518 consecutive patients. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the postmenopausal period

    Författare :Henrik Ahlborg; Ortopedi - klinisk och molekylär osteoporosforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; orthopaedics; Surgery; hormone replacement therapy.; physical activity; bone strength; bone size; bone loss; longitudinal; Menopause; bone mineral density; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to evaluate long-term changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the forearm in the peri- and postmenopausal period. 156 premenopausal women, at baseline aged 48 years, not taking medications and without disease processes known to interfere with bone metabolism, were followed through menopause by measurements of bone mass and skeletal structure at the cortical site of the distal radius by single photon absorptiometry, on average every second year until age 72. LÄS MER