Sökning: "Operating Room"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 103 avhandlingar innehållade orden Operating Room.

  1. 1. A new generation of hospital operating room ventilation

    Författare :Parastoo Sadeghian; Sasan Sadrizadeh; Catherine Noakes; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Ventilation systems; bacteria-carrying particles; airflow behaviour; operating room; computational fluid dynamics; surgical site infection; Ventilationssystem; bakteriebärande partiklar; luftflödesbeteende; operationsrum; numerisk strömningsmekanik; kirurgirelaterad infektion; Strömnings- och klimatteori; Fluid and Climate Theory;

    Sammanfattning : Surgical site infection is responsible for 38 percent of reported infections after surgery. This infection increases mortality and treatment costs, and prolongs the hospitalization of patients. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Open the door to complexity : Safety climate and work processes in the operating room

    Författare :Camilla Göras; Anna Ehrenberg; Ulrica Nilsson; Maria Unbeck; Mirjam Ekstedt; Anna Forsberg; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Patient safety; operating room; complexity; safety climate; psychometrics; cross-sectional; observations and qualitative;

    Sammanfattning : A complex adaptive system such as the operating room (OR), consists of different safety cultures, sub-cultures and ways of working. When measuring, a strong safety climate has been associated with lower rates of surgical complications. Teamwork is an important factor of safety climate. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Aspects of teamwork and intraoperative factors in the operating room

    Författare :Sofia Erestam; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; operating room; non-technical skills; teamwork; intraoperative stress;

    Sammanfattning : The work in high-risk environments like an operating room is complex. The operating team consist of many professions with different tasks cooperating towards a common goal, the performance of safe surgery. The operating teams’ technical and non-technical skills may affect the surgical outcome. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Operating Room Efficiency and Postoperative Recovery after Major Abdominal Surgery : The Surgical Team’s Efficiency and the Early Postoperative Recovery of Patients with Peritoneal Carcinomatosis

    Författare :Erebouni Arakelian; Haile Mahteme; Lena Gunningberg; Jan Larsson; Karin Norlén; Gun Nordström; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; efficiency; operating room; postoperative recovery; peritoneal carcinomatos; cytoreductive surgery; HIPEC;

    Sammanfattning : In selected patients, surgical treatments such as cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) have enabled curative treatment options for previously incurable diseases, such as peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). The introduction of resource demanding surgery could affect the work process, efficiency, and productivity within a surgical department and factors influencing patient postoperative recovery processes may have an impact on the efficiency of patient care after major surgery. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Design of Hospital Operating Room Ventilation using Computational Fluid Dynamics

    Författare :Sasan Sadrizadeh; Sture Holmberg; Christian Poelma; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD ; Ventilation System; Hospital Operating Room; Bacteria Carrying Particle; Surgical Site Infection; Colony Forming Unit; Airborne Particle Control; Air Quality; Thermal Comfort; Active-Passive Air Sampling methods; Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD ; ventilationssystem; operationssal på sjukhus; bakteriebärande partikel; infektion i samband med operation; kolonibildande enhet; kontroll av luftburna partiklar; luftkvalitet; termisk komfort; aktiva-passiva provtagningsmetoder för luft; Teknisk mekanik; Engineering Mechanics;

    Sammanfattning : The history of surgery is nearly as old as the human race. Control of wound infection has always been an essential part of any surgical procedure, and is still an important challenge in hospital operating rooms today. For patients undergoing surgery there is always a risk that they will develop some kind of postoperative complication. LÄS MER