Sökning: "Neutron diffraction"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 113 avhandlingar innehållade orden Neutron diffraction.

  1. 1. Multiscale granular mechanics: A neutron diffraction based experimental approach

    Författare :Stefanos Athanasopoulos; Hållfasthetslära; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Granular media; Neutron diffraction; Plane-strain apparatus; Stress distribution; Localised stress-strain;

    Sammanfattning : Granular media (i.e., assemblies of grains, containing voids), such as sand, are highly complex materials, possessing inherently heterogeneous structure and properties that are manifested by the mobility and interaction of their constituent particles. Despite having been widely studied for centuries (i. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Probing the Drip-Lines through Momentum Distributions

    Författare :Martin Smedberg; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :momentum distributions; drip-line; diffraction; 17C; 119C; core shadowing; 6He; neutron stripping; radioactive beams; break-up; intermediate resonance; neutron halo; 8He; 8B; absorption; reaction mechanism;

    Sammanfattning : About a decade ago it was found that nuclei in the vicinity of the neutron drip-line under certain circumstances develop very extended valence neutron distributions, a phenomenon today known as halo states. The recent development of radioactive nuclear beams has provided us with a perfect tool for investigating these particular nuclei. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Raman Scattering and Neutron Diffraction Studies of Manganites and Cuprates

    Författare :Joakim Bäckström; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :high-T-c-superconductivity; Reverse Monte Carlo modelling; oxides; strongly correlated systems; manganites; cuprates; neutron diffraction; colossal magnetoresistance; Raman spectroscopy;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is devoted to experimental studies of two classes of strongly correlated transition metal oxides, namely cuprates and manganite perovskites. Manganites generally display complex phase diagrams, including the so-called colossal magnetoresistance effect. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Ionic Conduction and Bond Valence in Glasses

    Författare :Andreas Hall; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Neutron; Phosphate; Borate; reverse Monte Carlo; Glass; Bond Valence; Structure; Diffraction; X-ray; Ion Conduction;

    Sammanfattning : Ion conducting glasses are highly interesting for several different applications, among them, chemical sensors, smart windows with variable optical properties and as electrolytes in batteries. The last example can take full advantage of the ease with which a thin film (... LÄS MER

  5. 5. Phase transformation and stability studies of the Zr-H system

    Författare :Tuerdi Maimaitiyili; Lars Hallstadius; Malmö högskola; []
    Nyckelord :Zirconium hydride; synchrotron X-ray diffraction; Nuclear materials; phase transformation; in-situ hydrogen charging; hydrogen related degradation; neutron diffraction; powder diffraction; Rietveld analysis; γ-ZrH; hydrogen embrittlement; zirconium hydride; hydrogen charging; in situ phase transformation; hydrogen induced degradation;

    Sammanfattning : Zirconium alloys are widely used in the nuclear industry because of their high strength, good corrosion resistance and low neutron absorption cross-section. Zirconium has a strong affinity for hydrogen, however, and if hydrogen concentration builds up, the material will gradually degrade. LÄS MER