Sökning: "Natural Sciences Chemical Sciences Organic Chemistry"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1010 avhandlingar innehållade orden Natural Sciences Chemical Sciences Organic Chemistry.

  1. 1. Computational Studies of Chemical Interactions: Molecules, Surfaces and Copper Corrosion

    Författare :Joakim Halldin Stenlid; Tore Brinck; Thomas Bligaard; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; computational chemistry; density functional theory; chemical interactions; reactivity descriptors; copper corrosion; surface and materials science; nucleophilic substitution reactions; heterogeneous catalysis; transition metal oxides; nanotechnology; beräkningskemi; täthetsfunktionalteori; kemiska interaktioner; reaktivitetsdeskriptorer; kopparkorrosion; yt- och materialvetenskap; nukleofila substitutionsreaktioner; heterogen katalys; överångsmetalloxider; nanoteknologi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The chemical bond – a corner stone in science and a prerequisite for life – is the focus of this thesis. Fundamental and applied aspects of chemical bonding are covered including the development of new computational methods for the characterization and rationalization of chemical interactions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. On the Versatility of Microwave-Assisted Chemistry : Exemplified by Applications in Medicinal Chemistry, Heterocyclic Chemistry and Biochemistry

    Författare :Kristina M. Orrling; Mats Larhed; Fredrik Almqvist; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; microwave-assisted chemistry; malaria; aspartic protease; plasmepsin; PfPM4; PmPM4; PoPM4; PvPM4; inhibitor; unsaturated lactone; unsaturated lactam; unsaturated amide; lactam; Bestmann s ylide; ionic liquid; polymerase chain reaction; thermophilic enzyme; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Läkemedelskemi; Organic synthesis; Organisk syntes; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Biochemistry; biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : Today, the demand for speed in drug discovery is constantly increasing, particularly in the iterative processes of hit validation and expansion and lead optimization. Irradiation with microwaves (MWs) has been applied in the area of organic synthesis to accelerate chemical reactions and to facilitate the generation of new chemical entities since 1986. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Pilicides and Curlicides : Design, synthesis, and evaluation of novel antibacterial agents targeting bacterial virulence

    Författare :Erik Chorell; Fredrik Almqvist; Stephen Hanessian; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pilicide; curlicide; anti-virulence; chaperone usher pathway; antibacterial; pili; curli; Escherichia coli; biofilm inhibitor; 2-pyridone; peptidomimetic; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi; Bioorganic chemistry; Bioorganisk kemi; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Läkemedelskemi; Organic synthesis; Organisk syntes; Infectious diseases; Infektionssjukdomar; Biorganic Chemistry; bioorganisk kemi; Infectious Diseases; infektionssjukdomar; datorlingvistik; computational linguistics; organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : New strategies are needed to counter the growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. One such strategy is to design compounds that target bacterial virulence, which could work separately or in concert with conventional bacteriostatic or bactericidal antibiotics. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Chemically Modified Metal Oxide Nanostructures Electrodes for Sensing and Energy Conversion

    Författare :Sami Elhag; Omer Nour; Magnus Willander; Alberta Bonanni; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Metal oxide nanostructures; mixed metal oxide nano-compound; low temperature wet-chemical growth; chemically modified electrode; doping; surfactant; potentiometric sensor; chemical sensor and photo-electrochemical activity;

    Sammanfattning : The goal of this thesis is the development of scalable, low cost synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures based electrodes and to correlate the chemical modifications with their energy conversion performance. Methods in energy conversion in this thesis have focused on two aspects; a potentiometric chemical sensor was used to determine the analytical concentration of some components of the analyte solution such as dopamine, glucose and glutamate molecules. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of emerging synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones

    Författare :Andreas Carlsson; Johan Dahlén; Martin Josefsson; Peter Konradsson; Simon Dunne; Mikael Hedeland; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : The application of different analytical techniques is fundamental in forensic drug analysis. In the wake of the occurrence of large numbers of new psychoactive substances possessing similar chemical structures as already known ones, focus has been placed on applied criteria for their univocal identification. LÄS MER