Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 42 avhandlingar innehållade orden NEUTRON POWDER DIFFRACTION.

  1. 1. Phase transformation and stability studies of the Zr-H system

    Författare :Tuerdi Maimaitiyili; Lars Hallstadius; Malmö högskola; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Zirconium hydride; synchrotron X-ray diffraction; Nuclear materials; phase transformation; in-situ hydrogen charging; hydrogen related degradation; neutron diffraction; powder diffraction; Rietveld analysis; γ-ZrH; hydrogen embrittlement; zirconium hydride; hydrogen charging; in situ phase transformation; hydrogen induced degradation;

    Sammanfattning : Zirconium alloys are widely used in the nuclear industry because of their high strength, good corrosion resistance and low neutron absorption cross-section. Zirconium has a strong affinity for hydrogen, however, and if hydrogen concentration builds up, the material will gradually degrade. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Structure and Properties Investigations of the La2Co1+z(Ti1-xMgx)1-zO6 Perovskite System

    Författare :Samrand Shafeie; Gunnar Svensson; Mari-Ann Einarsrud; Mats Johnsson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; solid oxide fuel cell; SOFC; LaCoO3; cobaltates; cobalt oxide; perovskite; XANES; XRD; Neutron powder diffraction; thermal expansion; electronic conductivity; magnetism; citrate; electron diffraction; synthesis; phase diagram; spin state; fast fas oxid bränslecell; LaCoO3; koboltoxid; perovskit; XANES; XRD; neutron diffraktion; elektron diffraktion; termisk expansion; elektrisk ledningsförmåga; magnetism; citrat; SOFC; syntes; fasdiagram; spin tillstånd; Solid state chemistry; Fasta tillståndets kemi; Materials chemistry; Materialkemi; Structural Chemistry; strukturkemi; Materials Chemistry; materialkemi;

    Sammanfattning : Perovskite based materials have great potentials for various energy applications and the search for new materials for uses in SOFCs has largely been concentrated to this class of compounds. In this search, we have studied perovskite phases in the system La2Co1+z(Ti1-xMgx)1-zO6, with 0  x 0.9 and z = 0.0, 0. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Structure-Magnetic Relationships in the Fe-Mn-P-Si System for Energy Applications

    Författare :Viktor Höglin; Yvonne Andersson; Per Nordblad; Martin Sahlberg; Mogens Christensen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Magnetocaloric; X-ray powder diffraction; Neutron powder diffraction; Magnetization measurements; Phase diagram; Crystal structure; Magnetic structure; Incommensurate structure; Ferromagnetic; Antiferromagnetic; Fe2P; Fe-Mn-P-Si.; Kemi med inriktning mot oorganisk kemi; Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Demands for new, energy-efficient appliances have greatly increased in response to our growing need for a more environmentally friendly society. Magnetic refrigeration is a technique that utilizes the magnetocaloric effect, with possible energy savings of up to 30% compared to commercial gas compression refrigerators. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Structural and Electrical Transport Properties of Doped Nd-123 Superconductors

    Författare :Shaban Reza Ghorbani; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :high temperature superconductors; critical temperature; resistivity; thermoelectric power; Hall coefficient; X-ray diffraction; Neutron diffraction; NdBa2Cu3O7-delta; hole concentration; substitution;

    Sammanfattning : It is generally believed that one of the key parameterscontrolling the normal state and superconducting properties ofhigh temperature superconductors is the charge carrierconcentrationpin the CuO2planes.By changing the non-isovalent dopingconcentration on the RE site as well as the oxygen content in(RE)Ba2Cu3O7−δ, an excellent tool is obtained tovary the hole concentration over a wide range from theunderdoped up to the overdoped regime. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The Structural Basis for Magnetic Order in New Manganese Compounds

    Författare :Therese Eriksson; Yvonne Andersson; Helmer Fjellvåg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Inorganic chemistry; Crystal structure; Magnetic structure; Manganese compounds; Transition metal silicides; Transition metal germanides; Magnetic frustration; Neutron powder diffraction; X-ray diffraction; Magnetisation measurements; DFT; Oorganisk kemi; Inorganic chemistry; Oorganisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Materials with new or improved properties are crucial for technological development. To provide the foundation for future successful products, it is important to prepare and characterise new chemical compounds that could show unusual properties. LÄS MER