Sökning: "NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Miljökemi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 132 avhandlingar innehållade orden NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Miljökemi.

  1. 1. Generation, stability and migration of montmorillonite colloids in aqueous systems

    Författare :Sandra García García; Mats Jonsson; Tiziana Missana; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Bentonite; montmorillonite; colloid stability; colloid migration; geological disposal; nuclear waste; granitic fractures; ; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Environmental toxicology; Miljötoxikologi; Surface and colloid chemistry; Yt- och kolloidkemi; Nuclear chemistry; Kärnkemi;

    Sammanfattning : In Sweden the encapsulated nuclear waste will be surrounded by compacted bentonite in the granitic host rock. In contact with water-bearing fractures the bentonite barrier may release montmorillonite colloids that may be further transported in groundwater. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Rapid analysis of actinide isotopes using quadrupole ICP-MS for emergency preparedness and environmental monitoring

    Författare :Christina Greis; Stefan Karlsson; Bert Allard; Anders Düker; Håkan Pettersson; Gi-Hoon Hong; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quadrupole ICP-MS; actinides; plutonium; preparedness; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Chemistry; Kemi; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Enviromental Science; Miljövetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Transuranium elements in the environment are mainly derived from nuclear weapons testing and the nuclear fuel cycle. Of growing concern are illicit nuclear trafficking and the threat of terror acts. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Miniaturized, Membrane-Based and Environmentally Green Sample Preparation Systems: Applications for Biological and Environmental Aqueous Samples

    Författare :Thaer Barri; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; Free concentration; Exhustive extraction; Microporous membrane liquid-liqid extraction; Miniaturization; Supported liquid membrane extraction; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Sammanfattning : Contemporary advancements in miniaturization of analytical systems have advantageously fostered development, automation, and hyphenation of a variety of sample preparation techniques. Among several downscaled extraction designs, porous synthetic polymeric membranes (such as flat sheet (FS) or hollow fiber (HF)) have been utilized for membrane-based extraction, separating two aqueous phases (as in supported liquid membrane (SLM) extraction or one aqueous phase and another organic phase (as in microporous membrane liquid-liquid extraction (MMLLE)). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Strategy for Monitoring Organic Pollutants in Waste Water with Focus on Improved Sample Preparation

    Författare :Staffan Bergström; Centrum för analys och syntes; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Miljökemi; Environmental chemistry; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; Membrane extraction; Sample preparation; Organic pollutants; Monitoring strategy; Landfill leachate;

    Sammanfattning : Strategy and methodology is presented for the analysis of organic pollutants, with the purpose of evaluating treatment procedures for landfill leachate. Today, many investigations of treatment procedures are focusing on the measurement of water quality parameters such as chemical and biochemical oxygen demand, (COD and BOD), and total organic carbon, (TOC) when assessing the organic compounds in waste waters. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Methodologies to assess the fate of polar organic compounds in aquatic environments

    Författare :Jörgen Magnér; Tomas Alsberg; Dag Broman; Jan-Åke Jönsson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Passive equilibrium sampler; Absorbent; Polar organic compounds; Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry; Partitioning coefficient; Fulvic acid; Sediment; PEVAC; Bag-SPE; Solid phase extraction; Pharmaceuticals; Wastewater; Sea water; UPLC-QToF; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; Applied Environmental Science; tillämpad miljövetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Polar organic compounds (POCs) are chemicals with polar functional groups in their structure. The functional groups make the compounds hydrophilic and less prone to partition with biota. However, the knowledge of their fate is limited due to difficulties associated with their measurements. LÄS MER