Sökning: "NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Biokemi Strukturbiologi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 33 avhandlingar innehållade orden NATURVETENSKAP Kemi Biokemi Strukturbiologi.

  1. 1. Extending the Reach of Computational Approaches to Model Enzyme Catalysis

    Författare :Beat Anton Amrein; Shina Caroline Lynn Kamerlin; Adrian Mulholland; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; epoxide hydrolase; enantioselectivity; regioselectivity; enantioconvergence; biocatalysis; empirical valence bond; computational directed evolution;

    Sammanfattning : Recent years have seen tremendous developments in methods for computational modeling of (bio-) molecular systems. Ever larger reactive systems are being studied with high accuracy approaches, and high-level QM/MM calculations are being routinely performed. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Prediction of zinc-binding sites in proteins and efficient protein structure description and comparison

    Författare :Nanjiang Shu; Sven Hovmöller; Elisabeth Sauer-Eriksson; Alexander Luybartsev; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; zinc-binding; shape strings; protein structures; secondary structures; machine learning; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Biochemistry; Biokemi; Bioinformatics; Bioinformatik; Structural biology; Strukturbiologi; biokemi; Biochemistry; Structural Biology; strukturbiologi; Molecular Biology; molekylärbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : A large number of proteins require certain metals to stabilize their structures or to function properly. About one third of all proteins in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) contain metals and it is estimated that approximately the same proportion of all proteins are metalloproteins. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Thiopurine S-methyltransferase - characterization of variants and ligand binding

    Författare :Annica Blissing; Lars-Göran Mårtensson; Tomas Nyman; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Thiopurine S-methyltransferase TPMT ; protein stability; enzyme kinetics; ligand binding; isothermal titration calorimetry ITC ; 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid ANS ;

    Sammanfattning : Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) belongs to the Class I S-adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferase (SAM-MT) super family of structurally related proteins. Common to the members of this large protein family is the catalysis of methylation reactions using S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) as a methyl group donor, although SAM-MTs act on a wide range of different substrates and carry out numerous biologically important functions. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Calculations of Reaction Mechanisms and Entropic Effects in Enzyme Catalysis

    Författare :Masoud Kazemi; Johan Åqvist; Per E. M. Siegbahn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Enzyme catalysis; Entropy; Cytidine deamination; Ribosome; Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis; Peptide bond formation; Empirical valence bond method; Density functional theory; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biotechnology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär bioteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Ground state destabilization is a hypothesis to explain enzyme catalysis. The most popular interpretation of it is the entropic effect, which states that enzymes accelerate biochemical reactions by bringing the reactants to a favorable position and orientation and the entropy cost of this is compensated by enthalpy of binding. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Second generation of Glucose Biosensors : Biofuel cells and Neurotransitters

    Författare :NAJAT BEDEN; Biokemi och Strukturbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; GDH; PDH; GOx; CDH; mediated electron transfer MET; Os-polymer; Man-Os VI tmen; PVPOs II -Chitosan; Au-NPs-MWCNTS; enzymatic biosensors; non-enzymatic sensor; DA-sensor; Multi-analyte sensor; DA; AA; UA;

    Sammanfattning : Different FAD dependent GDH enzymes together with the Os-redox polymer Os(4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)2(PVI)10Cl]+ and a modified graphite electrode was shown to have distinct selectivity and high turnover rates towards glucose. The results of this study suggest that such electrodes may be applied either for glucose determination or as bioanodes in glucose biofuel cells. LÄS MER