Sökning: "NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Theoretical chemistry Quantum chemistry"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 159 avhandlingar innehållade orden NATURAL SCIENCES Chemistry Theoretical chemistry Quantum chemistry.

  1. 1. Quantum photoelectrochemistry : Theoretical studies of organic adsorbates on metal oxides surfaces

    Författare :Petter Persson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum chemistry; Quantum chemistry; photoelectrochemistry; metal oxide surfaces; organic adsorbates; Kvantkemi; Quantum chemistry; Kvantkemi; Quantum Chemistry; kvantkemi;

    Sammanfattning : Interactions between organic molecules and transition metal oxide surfaces have been investigated by means of quantum chemical calculations. The studies have been aimed at understanding electrode-adsorbate interactions in photoelectrochemical devices, such as dye-sensitized solar cells. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Electronic Structure of Organic Molecular Materials : Theoretical and Spectroscopic Investigations

    Författare :Iulia Emilia Brumboiu; Barbara Brena; Biplab Sanyal; Olle Eriksson; Jakob Schiøtz; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; materials theory; electronic structure; photoelectron spectroscopy; near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik; Materialvetenskap; Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : In the present thesis the electronic properties of two organic molecules were studied by means of density functional theory (DFT) in connection to their possible applications in organic photovoltaics and molecular spintronics respectively.The first analysed system is the C60 derivative PCBM extensively used in polymer solar cells for the charge separation process. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Development and Application of a First Principle Molecular Model for Solvent Effects

    Författare :Anders Öhrn; Teoretisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Theoretical chemistry; quantum chemistry; Teoretisk kemi; kvantkemi; magnetisk resonans; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical chemistry; gränsskikt; Ytkemi; Surface and boundary layery chemistry; spektroskopi; egenskaper elektriska; magnetiska och optiska ; supraledare; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; spectroscopy; relaxation; magnetic resonance; supraconductors; magnetic and optical properties; Kemi; Condensed matter:electronic structure; electrical; Solvent model; Solvochromatic shift; Chemistry; Solvent effects; Solvation; Intermolecular interactions; Quantum chemistry; Statistical mechanics;

    Sammanfattning : A considerable part of chemistry in nature and industry, takes place in an environment of other molecules. Reactions, transitions, interactions or other chemical processes are almost always modified by the environment. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Biomimetic Iron Complexes involved in Oxygenation and Chlorination : A Theoretical Study

    Författare :Holger Noack; Margareta R. A. Blomberg; Per E. M. Siegbahn; Martin Kaupp; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biomimetic; iron; density functional theory; intradiol; chlorination; adpic acid; diamond core; reactivity; Bio-inorganic chemistry; Bio-oorganisk kemi; Theoretical chemistry; Teoretisk kemi; Chemical Physics; kemisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Biomimetic chemistry is directed towards the simulation of enzymatic reactivity with synthetic analogues. In this thesis a quantum chemical method has been employed to study the mechanism of highly reactive iron-oxo complexes involved in oxygenation and chlorination of organic substrates. LÄS MER

  5. 5. 5-Aminolevulinic acid and derivatives thereof : properties, lipid permeability and enzymatic reactions

    Författare :Edvin Erdtman; Leif Eriksson; Tore Brinck; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; 5-Aminolevulinic acid; tautomerization; PDT; DFT; MM; QM MM; Porphobilinogen synthase; Uroporphyrinogen III decarboxylase; membrane penetration; enzyme mechanism; Biophysical chemistry; Biofysikalisk kemi; Quantum chemistry; Kvantkemi; Theoretical chemistry; Teoretisk kemi; Fysikalisk kemi; Physical Chemistry; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and derivatives thereof are widely usedprodrugs in treatment of pre-malignant skin diseases of the cancer treatmentmethod photodynamic therapy (PDT). The target molecule in 5-ALAPDTis protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), which is synthesized endogenously from5-ALA via the heme pathway in the cell. LÄS MER